TIME Sports

Mystery Surrounds Intersex Woman Who Says She Was Michael Phelps’ Girlfriend

SWIM-PANPACS-AUS-USA
Micheal Phelps of the US reacts following the Men's 200 m Individual Medley heat at the Gold Coast Aquatic Centre, Gold Coast on August 24, 2014. Patrick Hamilton—AFP/Getty Images

Taylor Lianne Chandler is straddling the border between public figure and private enigma

The woman who claims to have been dating Michael Phelps at the time of his DUI arrest in September says she has the phone she used to text with him locked up in a safety deposit box.

Taylor Lianne Chandler, who wrote in a Facebook post on Nov. 13 that she was born intersex, told the Washington Post that she has no photographs of herself with Phelps but cites their text messages as proof of their relationship.

For those who doubt the validity of screenshots with the name “Michael” at the top of a stream of texts, she says, “I also have a 17,000-page forensic report showing everything — all the geo scans, the cellphone tower signals, the pings. And they’re coming from his phone.”

Phelps spent the month of October in rehab after his DUI arrest and has not yet spoken publicly about Chandler’s claims.

[The Washington Post]

 

TIME Sports

How Sports Makes a Clear Case for Immigration

2014 NBA Finals - Game Five
Tony Parker #9 and Tim Duncan #21, and Manu Ginobili #20 of the San Antonio Spurs celebrate after defeating the Miami Heat in Game Five of the 2014 NBA Finals at the AT&T Center on June 15, 2014 in San Antonio, Texas. Andy Lyons—Getty Images

David Berri is a professor of economics at Southern Utah University.

If you want to win, you have to look everywhere for talent

President Barack Obama is expected to announce executive actions that would shield 5 million undocumented immigrants from deportation Thursday, and it is clear that views on this subject differ.

At least, that’s true for non-economists. Economists–a group that generally doesn’t agree on much–seem to agree for the most part on the value of immigration. They argue that immigration–especially of skilled immigrants–is good for a nation. Not only does immigration increase the pace of innovation, it also helps improve the performance of the entire economy. So if you wish to see the economy of the United States improve, you should be in favor of immigration.

Despite this consensus, Harvard law professor Cass Sunstein has recently noted that people tend not to listen to economists on this subject. Sunstein offers some thoughts on why economists are ignored, but misses one possibility. Perhaps the problem isn’t the story. Perhaps the problem is with how the story is being told.

Those who teach sports and economics (such as myself) often argue that the study of sports often makes economics easier to understand. With that in mind, let’s think about sports and the economics of immigration.

As recently as 1980, almost all NBA players were born in the United States. Over the next three decades, though, the NBA increasingly broadened its search for talent. Today, about 20% of the league was born outside the United States.

Perhaps no team better exemplifies the global search for talent than the San Antonio Spurs. Last season the Spurs finished with the best record in the regular season. And in June, the Spurs won the NBA title.

There were 19 different players who logged regular season minutes for the Spurs in 2013-14. Of these, 9 were born outside the United States. Among this collection of international players were some of the most productive players the Spurs employed:

  • Marco Belinelli (born in Italy, 6.7 Wins Produced)
  • Manu Ginobili (born in Argentina, 5.9 Wins Produced)
  • Patrick Mills (born in Jamaica, 5.0 Wins Produced)
  • Tiago Splitter (born in Brazil, 4.2 Wins Produced)
  • Boris Diaw (born in France, 3.8 Wins Produced)
  • Tony Parker (born in France , 3.6 Wins Produced)
  • Corey Joseph (born in Canada, 2.8 Wins Produced)

These seven international players combined to produce about 32 wins for the Spurs, or more than half the games the team won in the regular season last year. Needless to say, without these players the Spurs would not have contended for a title.

This story goes beyond the NBA. A similar story can be told by the Detroit Tigers. The Tigers have won four consecutive division titles. And no team in Major League Baseball has won more regular season games since 2011. Three key players in this team’s success are Miguel Cabrera (American League Triple Crown winner in 2012), Victor Martinez (2nd in American League MVP race in 2014) and Anibal Sanchez (led American League in earned run averages in 2013). And all three were born in Venezuela.

Clearly immigration has worked for the Spurs and Tigers. And immigration doesn’t just make these two teams better. It also improves the product offered by their respective leagues. By expanding the population of talent a league draws upon, competitive balance in a sport can improve. In addition, without immigration, talents like Robinson Cano, Jose Abreu, Jose Altuve, Felix Hernandez, Johnny Cueto, Joakim Noah, Ricky Rubio, Serge Ibaka, Dirk Nowitzki and Kyrie Irving would be playing outside the United States. And if all this talent were employed elsewhere, it would be more difficult for the NBA and MLB to maintain their status as the preeminent league in their respective sports.

All of this teaches a simple and important lesson. If you want to be the best in the world, you have to employ the best in the world.

However you define “best,” it is clear that you can’t be the “best” without employing the “best” talent. If you restrict your talent search to the population born in the United States–less than 5% of the world population–your odds of employing the “best” talent seem fairly low.

So the world of sports teaches a clear lesson on immigration. The search for talent can’t be confined to the borders of a single nation. Firms in the United States compete in a global marketplace. The success of these firms, whether they are in or out of sports, depends on the talent these firms can employ. If you wish to employ the best talent, your talent search must be global. And that means your borders have to be open.

David Berri is a professor of economics at Southern Utah University. He is the lead author of The Wages of Wins and Stumbling on Wins and continues to serve on the editorial board of bothJournal of Sports Economics and the International Journal of Sport Finance.

TIME Ideas hosts the world's leading voices, providing commentary and expertise on the most compelling events in news, society, and culture. We welcome outside contributions. To submit a piece, email ideas@time.com.

TIME Sports

Watch Canadian Hockey Fans Help Finish the U.S. National Anthem After the Singer’s Mic Fails

This is sure to warm even the iciest hearts

At a Toronto Maple Leafs game Tuesday night, singer Michelle Madeira was partway through The Star-Spangled Banner when her mic cut out. She continued singing, but of course, the crowd couldn’t hear her. Without missing a beat, the entire crowd picked up where Madeira left off, completing the U.S. national anthem in unison.

Fans kept up the enthusiasm and sang O Canada right after.

See? Hockey fans aren’t just drunken and rowdy and prone to fighting. They’re also sometimes really awesome.

(h/t Daily Dot)

TIME Sports

These Athletes Lost Endorsement Deals After Scandals

Nike dropping Adrian Peterson is a reminder of other athletes who lost their endorsements following scandals

Adrian Peterson is officially done with football this season. The NFL made the decision on Tuesday to suspend him after he pled no contest to charges of reckless assault following accusations that he hit his son with a switch.

Nike dropped Peterson from its endorsement roster earlier this month. You could almost call that unprecedented; Nike stood by Kobe Bryant and Tiger Woods when they had scandals of their own in the past. That’s not to say Kobe and Tiger didn’t lose support from other popular brands like McDonald’s and Gatorade, however.

Here’s a look at other athletes who lost endorsement deals following scandals.

TIME olympics

Olympics Committee Broadens Rules for Host Cities

OLY-2014-NORDIC-MEN
Skiers compete past the Olympic Rings in the Men's Cross-Country Skiing 15km + 15km Skiathlon at the Laura Cross-Country Ski and Biathlon Center during the Sochi Winter Olympics in Russia on Feb. 9, 2014. Alberto Pizzoli—AFP/Getty Images

40 recommendations were made that can change the games

The list of prospective Olympics host cities may soon grow, as the International Olympics Committee announced 40 new recommendations for the 2020 games that include allowing some events to take place outside of the city itself or even, “in exceptional circumstances,” largely due to sustainability reasons, outside of the host country.

This would mostly impact the summer games, as the winter Olympics already allows events to take place in bordering countries.

“These 40 recommendations are like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle,” IOC President Thomas Bach said in a statement. “When you put them together, a picture emerges that shows the IOC safeguarding the uniqueness of the Olympic Games and strengthening sport in society.”

The “Olympic Agenda 2020″ also put forth recommendations that would decrease the seven-year approval timeline to allow new sports to enter the games, and the introduction of an official Olympic broadcast TV channel.

TIME Baseball

Marlins Sign Outfielder Giancarlo Stanton in the Largest Contract in U.S. Sports History

Miami Marlins v Milwaukee Brewers
Giancarlo Stanton of the Miami Marlins makes some contact at the plate during a game against the Milwaukee Brewers at Miller Park on September 11, 2014 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Mike McGinnis — Getty Images

The 25-year-old slugger is set to make more than $300 million over 13 years

The Miami Marlins spared absolutely no expense this week to ensure that their star outfielder Giancarlo Stanton stayed with the franchise.

Late on Monday, the baseball club announced through their website that the team and Stanton had agreed on a new, record-setting 13-year contract worth $325 million — making the deal the largest in North American sports history, according to CBS Sports.

“This is a landmark day,” said Marlins owner Jeffrey Loria, according to MLB.com. “I’m happy for the city. I’m happy for him. And I’m thrilled for baseball. We have a player who is committed to us, and we’ve committed to him for the life of his career.”

Miami’s all-out financial offensive to keep one of baseball’s best sluggers on their roster is likely designed to inject new momentum in the franchise’s fan base, after years of disappointment. The Marlins have failed to reach the playoffs since 2003 and recorded the lowest payroll in the league in 2014.

The team is scheduled to hold a formal press conference later this week in Miami to announce the finer details of their new contract with Stanton.

TIME How-To

How to Turn Your iPhone into an Eagle-Eyed Fantasy Football Scout

Professional football running back running through defenders crowded stadium in background
Thomas M Barwick—Getty Images

Blitz your league opponents with this mobile playbook

When the first iPhone was launched in 2007, it had more computing heft than all of NASA had in 1969. So, if a bunch of giant, whirring supercomputers can help mankind land on the moon, your tiny pocket-sized smartphone can certainly rocket your fantasy football team into contention.

But it doesn’t take an astronaut or a football expert to make all the right picks—someone with a good understanding of the Xs and Os of Apple iOS can stiff arm the competition. Try these tips to turn your iPhone into your secret fantasy football weapon:

Tip 1: Throw a Flag on Your Notifications

If you’re like most people, your iPhone’s notifications are like Wes Welker in the offseason: out of control. Go into Settings and then Notifications, and look at the effect of your haphazard app adds—you do not need alerts from Candy Crush Saga. So, for the rest of these tips to work, start by nuking your iPhone’s current alerts in order to start fresh.

Apps can have three kinds of notifications. Badges (the little red numbered dots on the corner of the app) are great for things that you can blast through later, like work email. Banners (small strips that come and go up on the menu bar) work well if you’re always eyes-deep in your phone, and want to know what’s happening outside the app you’re in. Alerts, meanwhile, are like a solid defensive tackle — they’ll stop you in your tracks (until you press “OK”). Set up your apps keeping these differences in mind, giving alerts to the programs with the most crucial information and putting badges on the good-to-know news apps.

In addition, swiping down from the top of the home screen reveals the Notification Center, a great place to quickly zip through alerts across your apps. Most apps display items in Notification Center, but the best way to ensure you don’t get hit with the same information twice is to allow notifications for apps you want to display info here, but then turn off their sounds, badges, alerts, and lock screen options. This app offensive might take a while to run, but at least it gives you something to do while watching this week’s Tampa Bay game at Washington.

Tip 2: IFTTT the NFL

Yes, your phone is your team’s MVP, but there’s a whole world of digital smarts that can also lead you to victory, and IFTTT (pronounced “ift”) is the playmaker that can make them play like a team. An online service that links web-based data with web-based services, this easy-to-use interface can do everything from flash your Internet-connected lightbulbs when your team scores to text-message taunt your league opponents when their players get injured — all automatically.

If you haven’t heard of IFTTT yet, you will soon, because it’s starting to attract users outside the geek-o-sphere. But more importantly, IFTTT has heard of the NFL, and they even have their own list of winning fantasy football plays. For instance, if you want send breaking ESPN fantasy news to your phone via text message, this service can make that happen. League operators are even starting to pile onto IFTTT too. For instance, by using IFTTT with Yahoo Fantasy Sports, you can receive a daily digest email of your players’ health changes, among other things.

Tip 3: Be A Social Media Sleeper

In today’s always-on information age, there’s a tremendous amount of news to digest — and that’s just what gets published. Sometimes the meatiest scoops are solitary posts on Twitter. If you want to be an expert on your roster, you have to gather social media news like a pro, and professionals use Hootsuite. Free to use (though you can pay for enhanced options), Hootsuite connects to social networks like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and others, all within one application, allowing you to better organize your feeds. You can create lists of writers and outlets who cover football or report on your favorite teams individually, and you can even track hashtags and search terms (like your players’ names) to make sure you’re gobbling up every bit of news they’re making.

If that’s too involved for you, or you’re a rookie to the fantasy football scene, Reddit also has excellent analysis, with user-generated topics that get up-voted by other users. Specializing in injury rumors, the board can alert you to impending roster problems. The forum website has a great official app, though you might have a hard time finding it because it’s called Alien Blue. Just keep in mind that anyone can post here, including your opponents, so take every “day-to-day” with a grain of Gronk-sized salt.

Tip 4: Tap That App

Of course, when you think iPhone, you think apps, and when it comes to fantasy football there are enough iOS offerings to choke a linebacker. As far as free apps go, Team Stream is an excellent way to stay on top of the latest news with a customizable interface that stretches beyond football even into college sports. Combining popular Twitter feeds with news stories (even scouring the local papers) the app hits hard for fantasy football fanatics.

But don’t dismiss paid apps. Some 33 million people will spend more than $100 each on fantasy football this year, so at $9.99, RotoWire Fantasy Football Assistant is a bargain worth looking into. RotoWire has been in the fantasy game for more than 15 years, typically providing subscriber-based insight to guys who are mopping it up in their leagues. But this app is subscription-free, giving you all the numbers you need, as well as the ability to view depth charts, make watch lists, and project statistics. If you’re looking for an app to tell you who to add and who to start, this guy could quickly become your new best friend.

TIME Sports

Exploitation Is Everywhere in Men’s College Basketball

David Berri is a professor of economics at Southern Utah University.

Even if student-athletes get all the education they are promised, they're still getting a bad deal

This past week it was announced that Mike McAdoo — a former football player at the University of North Carolina — is suing the university over the practice of “paper classes.” Such classes involved little or no academic effort and seemed to be designed to ensure that athletes maintained eligibility to play sports at North Carolina. Although this practice might have kept athletes on the field, it also — as McAdoo’s lawsuit alleges — may have dramatically diminished the value of the athlete’s education.

One can easily see that an athlete is not getting a good deal if he/she competes for the school but doesn’t receive the promised education. But let’s consider a different scenario. Let’s imagine the North Carolina scandal never happened and every athletes received all the education promised when they were recruited to the school. Did the athletes get a good deal if that happened?

In economics, a worker receives a “good deal” if they are paid a wage equal to the revenue the worker generates for the firm. When a worker gets a “bad deal,” economists say the worker has been “exploited.” Such a word can be quite inflammatory in public debates. But it is also a term used frequently in labor economics and it has a simple definition.

This past February I was asked about “exploitation” when I provided expert testimony at a hearing of the National Labor Relations Board. The hearing was called to decide whether or not the football players at Northwestern University could form a union (I was testifying on behalf of the players). During my testimony I was asked if football players were “exploited.” I responded that I thought they were, and my argument began with the standard definition of “exploitation”: A worker is exploited if the wage the worker received is less than their economic contribution to the firm. In terms of college sports, an athlete is “exploited” if the athlete generates more revenue than he/she is paid in terms of his/her scholarship and housing at the school.

Let’s illustrate this point by looking at the men’s basketball players at the University of North Carolina in 2012-13 (another group that was supposedly impacted by the UNC scandal). According to numbers reported by North Carolina University to the Department of Education, the men’s basketball program generated $20.9 million in revenue in 2012-13 (this is the last year the Department of Education reports). Currently the NCAA restricts the payment of athletes to essentially the cost of attending the institution. But in a typical labor market, the payment to workers is unrestricted. If the North Carolina Tar Heels had to hire workers in such a market, how much of this $20.9 million would the players receive?

For an answer, let’s look at professional sports leagues in North America. Major League Baseball and the National Football League tend to pay about 50% of their revenue to their players. A similar story is told in the NBA and the NHL. One should note, though, that each of these leagues has labor markets restrictions (i.e. reverse order drafts, reserve clauses, luxury taxes, salary caps, etc…) that do not exist outside of sports. As we see in European sports, without these restrictions players are paid more than 75% of league revenues. So the 50% figure we see in North America sports is likely not what we would see in a completely free market.

Nevertheless, let’s imagine that in a free market the Tar Heel basketball players received 50% of the revenue the program generates. If this was the case, the players would have received $10.45 million in 2012-13. And with 16 players on the roster, and equal split of this money would give about $650,000 to each player. North Carolina says the out-of-state cost of attendance in 2014-15 is about $50,000. If this represents the value of the education North Carolina is providing its players — and given what we have heard about this program, this might be an exaggeration — this means that even if the players are receiving all the education they were promised, the players are still very clearly exploited.

Of course, professional teams do not pay every player the same amount. Players are generally paid in professional sports to win games. And if we 1) measure how many wins each player produces (in a fashion similar to what has been done for the NBA), and 2) divide the aforementioned $10.4 million among the players in terms of the wins each player produced; then the three most valuable players on the 2012-13 Tar Heels would be as follows:

  • Reggie Bullock: 6.9 Wins Produced, $2.99 million in revenue
  • P.J. Hairston: 4.5 Wins Produced, $1.96 million in revenue
  • Dexter Strickland: 3.5 Wins Produced, $1.52 million in revenue

Again, the cost of attendance at this school is about $50,000. So if these three players received all the education promised they were only paid about 2.4% of the revenue they generated with their on-court production for the school.

So the top players at a top basketball program are clearly very much exploited. Is this true elsewhere?

Let’s travel a few miles from Chapel Hill and visit Durham, North Carolina. Many college basketball fans might know that this is the home of Duke University. According to the numbers provided by the school to the Department of Education, the men’s basketball program at Duke generated $27 million in revenue in 2012-13. So Duke is even more successful than North Carolina when we consider revenue. And with only 11 players appearing on the court in 2012-13, the average player was worth more than $1 million. Duke University says it will cost about $63,000 to attend in 2014-15. So again, like we saw at the University of North Carolina, the men’s basketball players at Duke are very much exploited.

That is not probably not surprising. If North Carolina players are exploited then it follows that Duke players will be as well. But let’s look a little bit south of the Duke campus in Durham. There we will find the campus of North Carolina Central University. The Eagles have only played four seasons of Division-I college basketball. So this is not a big time college program. And people probably suspect that at such a small program, players cannot be exploited. But the data tell a different story.

If we look back at the 2012-13 season we see that the Eagles won 22 games while playing its conference games in the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. And according to the data provided by the school to the Department of Education, NCC generated $1.22 million in revenue during the 2012-13 season. If we again argue that the players should be paid 50% of team revenue, this means the players should be splitting about $610,000. With 14 players on the roster, this works out to about $43,000 per player.

North Carolina Central is not quite as expensive as UNC or Duke. According to the NCC website, it cost a little bit less than $15,000 to attend the school in 2014-15. So if the players employed at NCC received all the education promised, it is still the case that these players were exploited.

And just like we saw at UNC, the level of exploitation for the top players is even larger at NCC. The three most productive players — and their economic value — is as follows:

  • Stanton Kidd: 4.5 Wins Produced, $116,618 in revenue
  • Jeremy Ingram: 4.4 Wins Produced, $114,146 in revenue
  • Emanuel Chapman: 3.7 Wins Produced, $97,169 in revenue

So the most productive players at NCC are producing at least six times more revenue for the school then the value of their education. And that suggests exploitation is likely everywhere in Division I-A college basketball. We don’t have to investigate the quality of education the players receive to see that at both big and small schools there are players generating more revenue than they are being “paid.”

So when we think about the scandal at North Carolina we should remember: Yes, not getting your education is a bad deal for a student-athlete. But even if these athletes get all that they are promised, it is still a bad deal.

TIME Ideas hosts the world's leading voices, providing commentary and expertise on the most compelling events in news, society, and culture. We welcome outside contributions. To submit a piece, email ideas@time.com.

MONEY Sports

NBA Chief Says, ‘Place Your Bets!’

Nationwide legalized U.S. sports betting just got a surprising ally: NBA commissioner Adam Silver.

TIME movies

The True Story Behind Foxcatcher

FOXCATCHER
Steve Carell and Channing Tatum in Foxcatcher Scott Garfield—Fair Hill, LLC

Is the story of two Olympic wrestlers and their benefactor as twisted as the movie suggests?

Foxcatcher, out Friday, chronicles the real-life story of Mark and Dave Schultz (played by Channing Tatum and Mark Ruffalo, respectively), brothers and Olympic gold medalists in wrestling, who accept the patronage of John du Pont (Steve Carell), heir to his family’s chemical company fortune. The eccentric and erratic Du Pont is obsessed with the sport of wrestling but was never good enough to compete himself. When he attempts to live vicariously through the Schultz brothers, the situation turns foul.

The relationship between the three men was closely examined after an incident at Du Pont’s estate, called Foxcatcher Farms, caught the press’ attention in 1996. TIME’s 1996 coverage of those events and Mark Schultz’s upcoming memoir—also named Foxcatcher, and out Nov. 18—both elucidate how much of the Hollywood version is true and which details have been added for dramatic effect. (Schultz’s memoir, of course, is based on his own personal memory of and take on the events. The director conducted interviews with others who lived on Foxcatcher at the time.) Here’s what’s fact and what’s fiction.

Warning: contains spoilers.

Mark Schultz would hit himself in the face after losing

Ruling: Fact

Schultz writes in his book that he wanted to make losing “the worst experience ever.” He would hit himself after a loss so that he would associate the bad wrestling match with pain and thus motivate himself not to make the same mistakes again.

In a testament to how committed Channing Tatum was to the part, Tatum actually hit his head through a mirror in a scene as Schultz—and injured himself doing it. Director Bennet Miller told Vanity Fair, “He punched that thing with his head three times and shattered it, and put his head through it and through the frame behind the mirror and through the drywall that the mirror was hanging on and left a divot two inches deep. When we took that mirror down, there was a hole in the wall. He actually cut himself, and you see his blood in that scene.” Guess Tatum really wants that Oscar.

John Du Pont built a wrestling facility at Foxcatcher to train potential Olympians

Ruling: Fact

Du Pont had long been preoccupied with participating in the Olympics in some capacity. He wanted to compete in the pentathlon in the 1968 games in Mexico. (Someone had once told Du Pont that since he already knew how to shoot, this was his best chance at making an Olympic team.) Du Pont built a shooting range and Olympic sized swimming pool on his estate to train. He even commissioned a mosaic of himself competing in all the events made of tiles shipped from Italy. Despite this heavy investment, he came in second to last in the trials for the Olympic team that year.

After giving up on his own athletic ambitions, Du Pont thought he could coach a team to a gold medal. Du Pont created Team Foxcatcher to train potential Olympians in swimming, pentathlon and triathlon. He brought wrestlers to Foxcatcher years later.

Du Pont offered Mark Schultz money to train at Foxcatcher

Ruling: Mostly Fiction

Mark Schultz did not immediately move to Foxcatcher to train. Du Pont first offered him a job helping to coach the wrestling team at Villanova University, which the magnate was reviving with his generous donations. (Du Pont’s first call was to Dave, but Dave turned down the job.) Mark Schultz moved to an apartment near campus and lived there while working and training at Villanova. Du Pont later fired Mark Schultz from Villanova but told Mark he could continue to train there if he moved onto the Foxcatcher estate. Seduced by the free rent and facilities, Mark did so. The Villanova wrestling program folded shortly thereafter, after just two years of competition.

Du Pont sustained the program at Foxcatcher by making millions of dollars of donations to U.S. Wrestling and attracting top talent with Schultz’s name. The mission was to churn out as many Olympians from the group as possible but, as shown in the movie, Du Pont’s preoccupation with glory over discipline made that task impossible.

Du Pont got Mark Schultz hooked on drugs

Ruling: Fiction

In the movie, Mark Schultz’s career begins to spiral downward when Du Pont offers him cocaine in a helicopter. But Schultz admits in his book that he had done drugs, including cocaine, before he ever moved to Foxcatcher. In fact, Du Pont asked Schultz if he knew where he might get cocaine, and Schultz picked it up for him. Schultz says the two did the drug together only “two or three times” and even claims that Du Pont once showed him a kilo of coke labeled “evidence” that he was keeping in a drawer. Schultz assumed Du Pont had stolen it from a police precinct. (Police trained at DuPont’s shooting range, and he was considered a “friend of the force” thanks to his donations.)

That’s not to say that Schultz was the bad influence on Du Pont. Du Pont had a long-documented drug and alcohol problem. Even in their first meeting, Schultz says Du Pont was drunk and high. He rarely saw him sober in the years that followed. Friends, associates and neighbors confirmed as much to the press after Dave Schultz was shot. Even more bizarrely, they describe incidents like Du Pont driving two Lincoln Continentals into the farm’s pond, destroying property with his own personal tank and threatening people with guns. Du Pont’s former wife, Gale Wenk du Pont, filed a civil suit in 1985 claiming that he had threatened her with both a knife and a gun and tried to push her out of a moving car.

Du Pont and Mark Schultz had a close relationship

Ruling: Mostly Fiction

According to Schultz’s memoir the two were not as close as the movie might suggest. Schultz says that he got a bad feeling from Du Pont the moment they met and never warmed to him. The hostility between the two grew as Du Pont constantly interrupted Schultz’s training. Schultz writes that he once told Du Pont he was going to make t-shirts that said “Shut up and leave me alone” and wear them around the estate. Du Pont made the shirts and gave them to Schultz.

The movie also implies that Du Pont was harboring unrequited feelings for Schultz. Though Schultz says in his book that many suspected Du Pont might have been gay, he never saw any behavior to suggest so while living at Foxcatcher. However, a 1988 lawsuit (that was settled out of court) claimed Du Pont made improper sexual advances to Villanova assistant coach Andre Metzger.

Du Pont shot a gun during a wrestling practice

Ruling: Mostly Fiction

In the movie, Du Pont shoots off a gun during the middle of wrestling practice overseen by Mark Schultz at Foxcatcher. Schultz does not describe such an incident in his book. But he does relate a time when Du Pont burst into his apartment—Du Pont apparently entered the place without permission often—and threatened Schultz’s then-girlfriend by pointing the gun at her. Another Foxcatcher coach, Dan Chaid, left after eight years at the facility following an incident during which DuPont threatened him with a machine gun. According to Schultz, most people thought Du Pont was unbalanced but not dangerous. (During the apartment incident, Schultz stepped between his girlfriend and Du Pont without worrying that Du Pont would shoot him.)

Du Pont asked Dave Schultz to come live at Foxcatcher when he was disappointed with Mark’s performance

Ruling: Fiction

Dave Schultz and Mark Schultz never lived at Foxcatcher at the same time. Though Dave was under Schultz’s employ, he lived in Wisconsin while Mark was living on the estate. Schultz asked Dave to coach the Foxcatcher team after Mark had moved to a coaching position at BYU in Utah. Dave quit his job at Wisconsin and accepted. In the version Mark tells, the move had nothing to do with Mark’s disappointng performance in competition.

Mark Schultz once dropped 12 pounds in just 90 minutes for a weigh-in

Ruling: Fact

After “retiring” for a moment after a bad loss, Schultz says he indulged too much in room service and—when he decided to compete again—realized he was 12 pounds too heavy to wrestle in his weight class. Dave did help him “cut weight” quickly: “I puked up the first pound and a half. I put on four layers of sweats and rode a stationary bike like a madman for the rest of the ninety minutes.” But unlike in the movie, Du Pont didn’t see this happening and leave. (Du Pont’s mother had also already died at this point.)

Dave Schultz had “P.U. Kids” written on his hand when he died

Ruling: Fact

It was Schultz’s turn to pick up his kids from school the day he was shot and killed by Du Pont. He had written a reminder on his hand.

Du Pont was arrested immediately after the shooting

Ruling: Fiction

In the movie, Du Pont tries to evade arrest but is quickly apprehended. In reality, Du Pont had a two-day standoff in the police. He holed up in his mansion (filled with many guns), as the police surrounded the building outside. After he was arrested, Du Pont did not articulate any clear reason for committing the crime.

Read TIME’s original report on the events at Foxcatcher, here in the TIME Vault: Blood on the Mat

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