By Bryan Gruley in Bloomberg Business
By Michael Birnbaum in the Washington Post
By Umair Irfan in Scientific American
By the New Scientist
By Amanda Kolson Hurley in CityLab
The Aspen Institute is an educational and policy studies organization based in Washington, D.C.
TIME Ideas hosts the world's leading voices, providing commentary and expertise on the most compelling events in news, society, and culture. We welcome outside contributions. To submit a piece, email email@example.com.