Morning Must Reads: June 5

Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

The Fox News debate cutoff is causing GOP candidates to rethink their campaign strategies, spending more time on television to boost their national poll numbers at the expense of organizing on the ground in Iowa and New Hampshire. Hillary Clinton’s early voting push is designed to boost a heighten Democratic advantage, but Republicans are catching up. Attorney General Loretta Lynch stumps Jeopardy contestants. And former First Lady Barbara Bush talks about turning 90.

Here are your must-reads.

Must Reads

As Republican Debates Near, Candidates Vie to Make Cut
Selection criteria alter the ground game [New York Times]

Data Breach Linked to China Exposes Millions of U.S. Workers
Office of Personnel Management files hacked, but motivation remains unclear [New York Times]

Democrats Work To Keep Early Voting Advantage in 2016
TIME’s Sam Frizell reports on the self-interested reason behind Hillary Clinton’s early voting push

Senate Bill Would Limit Lobbyists From Bundling Campaign Donations
A campaign finance about-face for the former DSCC chairman [Center for Public Integrity]

Ex-Im Bank Expiration ‘Inevitable’ Amid 2016 GOP Fight
The controversial bank will be forced to stop making loans—at least for a time [Politico]

Democrats Get a Primary
TIME’s Joe Klein on why candidates O’Malley and Sanders will make it a race

Sound Off

“I am against discrimination of all kinds: race, religion, sexual orientation or whatever your last name is.” — Former First Lady Barbara Bush to TIME’s Michael Duffy on why she changed her mind about there being too many Bushes in the White House

“What part of democracy are they afraid of?” — Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in Texas Thursday of Republicans who have instituted voter identification requirements and restrictions on early voting

Bits and Bites

These Jeopardy contestants couldn’t name the attorney general [TIME]

Walker takes aim at university tenure [New York Times]

8 things to watch for Saturday at Ernst Roast & Ride [Des Moines Register]

GOP presidential hopefuls still rushing to Tom Brady’s defense [Boston Globe]

TIME Voting

Will Democrats Keep Their Early Voting Advantage in 2016?

Hillary Clinton Attends The Barbara Jordan Inaugural Gold Medallion Leadership Award Ceremony
Thomas Shea—Getty Images Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton speaks at the Inaugural Barbara Jordan Gold Medallion at Texas Southern University on June 4, 2015 in Houston, Texas.

Some Republicans think they are catching up, but Democrats say they have a long way to go.

At a historically black college in Texas some seventeen months before the 2016 presidential election, Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton laid out a case for expanding voting access that was both moral and practical. She called for creating universal, automatic voter registration and expanding early voting to 20 days in every state, harshly criticizing recent Republican legislative efforts to roll back election reforms.

“We should be clearing the way for more people to vote, not putting up every roadblock anyone can imagine,” Clinton said. “I believe every citizen has the right to vote and I believe we should do everything we can to make it easier for every citizen to vote.”

For Democrats, it’s an obvious rallying cry. Observers from both parties agree that the Obama campaign won in 2008 and 2012 in part by increasing turnout through early voting. But some Republicans think their party may have finally caught up, greatly reducing the partisan benefit for Democrats. It remains to be seen, however, whether Republican state lawmakers in charge of election laws will see the issue the same way.

Republicans are gearing up to increase early voter turnout in 2016, building on the party’s efforts in the midterms. Thousands of GOP staff and volunteers knocked on doors in the run-up to the 2014 election and targeted voters with absentee ballot applications and pledge cards. The Republican National Committee grew its email file from 2 million to 12 million addresses during the midterms, began a Facebook “Voter Challenge” that targeted likely voters and pushed absentee ballot requests to voters in droves.

Their new focus on early voting already paid off for Republicans in 2014. In Colorado, Republicans led Democrats in early voting by nearly 10% a week before Election Day. In Florida, Republicans led by 7% in early voting at the same period. And in Iowa, early voting helped Republican Joni Ernst win a key Senate race. In the end, Democrats won among early voters in many states, but they did so with thinner margins and they ceded key races to the GOP.

“In 2014, our ground game was redesigned to put an emphasis on early voting and turning out different voters than we have in the past,” said RNC spokesman Michael Short. “2016 will be all about building on the successes of 2014 and scaling up our efforts for a presidential cycle.”

While the dynamics in midterms are different than in presidential election years, the advances Republicans made in early voting are likely to expand in 2016.

“Colorado and Iowa are the canaries in the coal mine for the future of early voting,” said Michael McDonald, a senior fellow and elections expert at the moderate Brookings Institution. “Whatever advantage Democrats have in early voting, that’s going to narrow as Republicans adapt.”

Some Democrats argue that they still have an advantage, attributing their losses in 2014 to overall turnout problems in 2014.

“It’s bogus if you think Republicans have caught up to the way that we can campaign, and it’s bogus if you think Republicans have learned the lessons of 2008 and 2012, which is speaking to the majority of Americans,” said Pratt Wiley, the national director of voter expansion at the Democratic National Committee. “And they know it.”

Indeed, when it comes to in-person early voting, Democrats appear to still have a significant advantage. In-person voting helped Democrats dominate early voting efforts in 2008 and 2012. Democrats motivated voters on the weekends before election days and pushed turnout by busing voters to polling places and targeting African Americans on Sundays in an effort dubbed “souls to the polls.”

In her speech, Clinton notably pushed for 20 days of early in-person voting, rather than absentee ballots, a form of early voting that tends to favor Republicans.

“We should set a standard across our country of at least 20 days of early in-person voting everywhere, including opportunities for weekend and evening voting,” said Clinton. “If families coming out of church on Sunday before an election are inspired to go vote, they should be free to do just that.”

Clinton did not explicitly accuse Republicans of trying to reduce turnout among Democrats. But she did call out likely Republican presidential candidates for changing voter laws, including former Texas Gov. Rick Perry, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie and former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush. Nonpartisan groups as well as Democrats say that the laws discriminate against minorities and have fought back in the courts against restrictive voting laws.

In the past decade, however, the partisan nature of the battle between Democrats and Republicans in courthouses and state legislatures all across the country has become increasingly apparent. The goal—to make sure their own party outvotes the other—is simple. The means are less straightforward. Republican-led legislatures in states like Wisconsin, North Carolina and Texas have reduced early voting days, required voter identification, limited same-day registration, or all of the above. Meanwhile, Democrats have pushed back in court, seeking to expand voting by bringing lawsuits and changing legislation.

Read More: Democrats Play Hardball on Voting Laws Ahead of 2016

The Clinton own campaign’s lawyer, Marc Elias, is behind new lawsuits against Republicans in Wisconsin and Ohio. (The Clinton campaign says it is not involved in the suits.) The DNC has promised to battle what it views as voter suppression, and a slew of legal actions are likely to hit the courts in the coming months in states like Virginia and Georgia.

“Today, Republicans are systematically and deliberately trying to stop millions of American citizens from voting,” Clinton said in her energetic 30-minute speech. “What part of democracy are they afraid of?”

While research indicates that voter ID laws and cutting same-day registration in theory would disproportionately hurt minorities and young people, the evidence on early voting is less clear. A 2013 study that measured voter turnout in 2004 and 2008 showed that states that implemented early voting without same-day registration saw a decreased overall turnout: spreading out voting over many weeks weakened voter enthusiasm on Election Day, when buttons on lapels, stickers, neighbors, local churches and schools are all reminders to vote.

“What encourages people to come to vote is that they’re excited about the candidates and they think it makes a difference,” said Paul Gronke, an early voting expert at Reed College. “Other than Election Day registration, voting laws don’t make huge differences.”

But the GOP and the Clinton campaign are closely eyeing legal action across the country. “It’s total war and they’re fighting over every piece of territory,” Gronke continued. “The two sides are not really sure whether voting laws make a big difference. But they have the money and the lawyers, so why not litigate on it?”

TIME presidential campaign

The CEO of This $2 Billion Startup Is Hosting a Big Hillary Fundraiser

TechCrunch Disrupt SF 2014 - Day 3
Steve Jennings—2014 Getty Images Box CEO Aaron Levie.

The battle for the tech elite has begun

Box CEO Aaron Levie has thrown his support behind presidential candidate Hillary Clinton as the 2016 race kicks into gear.

Levie, the 30-year-old founder of the recently-public company, has agreed to host a fundraiser for the Democratic frontrunner.

Levie, who was busy building his “cloud” data storage business back in 2008 the last time Clinton ran, told Reuters that this year’s election is a big one for the tech sector. The stakes are high given that issues such as improving the patent system, securing visas, and protecting privacy rights directly affect his business and others in and around Silicon Valley.

At the same time, candidates know they need the cachet that tech elites can bring — and their dollars. Clinton’s campaign has been courting technology leaders such as Levie who would potentially help support her run for the top office.

“Young, innovative entrepreneurs are key to growing and strengthening our economy,” a Clinton spokesperson told Reuters.

Some big-name leaders in the industry are already involved in politics, such as Twitter’s CEO Dick Costolo, who supports Democratic candidates, and Facebook’s CEO Mark Zuckerberg, who has given money to both sides of the aisle.

Others, however, are less thrilled to throw their support to either side in the race. Venture capitalist Mark Andreessen, who supported Mitt Romney during the 2012 presidential campaign, told Fortune that given the choice “between the anti-science party and the anti-economics party,” he’s “highly tempted to sit this one out.”


Morning Must Reads: June 4

Jeb Bush will make his presidential campaign official on June 15 in an announcement speech at Miami Dade Community College, he announced in an early morning tweet. Rick Perry is trying to recover from his “oops” moment as he launches his presidential bid, and Scott Walker is on the defensive over a Wisconsin abortion law. Lincoln Chafee wants to take the U.S. onto the metric system. And the White House is being occupied by a hawk.

Here are your must-reads.


Rick Perry’s Lone Star Do-Over
TIME’s Philip Elliott talks to the former Texas governor about recovering from “Oops”

Walker Defends Position on Abortion Bill
Willingness to sign ban without exceptions for rape or incest could return to hurt him [TIME]

Democrats Wage a National Fight Over Voter Rules
Hillary Clinton to hit her Republican rivals in Texas [New York Times]

Payback Is Coming to Rand Paul
He scored a win on NSA, but made many enemies TIME’s Michael Scherer writes

Congress Takes Tiny Step Toward Authorizing Anti-ISIS War
After nearly a year of delays and 10,000 killed, Congress a congressional committee acknowledges it has the duty to vote on the war, TIME’s Mark Thompson reports

With Some Donors Doubting Jeb Bush, Marco Rubio Seizes an Opening
The senator builds some momentum at Bush’s expense [Washington Post]

The Campaign to Put Julian Castro on Hillary Clinton’s VP Shortlist
Putting carts before horses in a bid for Hispanic voters [Politico]

Sound Off:

“Here’s a bold embrace of internationalism: let’s join the rest of the world and go metric.” —Former Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee Wednesday in his presidential announcement (“Who?…Oh, my gosh,” Paul Trusten, the vice president of the U.S. Metric Association, told the Wall Street Journal in response.)

“People have to choose what they want. If they want robots, who say the same thing over and over again, there are plenty of them. If they want something more genuine, where everything is not always perfect — we’ll see what people want. I am who I am.” — Sen. Rand Paul to Politico on his history of occasionally putting his foot in his mouth

Bits and Bites:

Martin O’Malley calls for more restrictions on NSA surveillance [TIME]

Carly Fiorina and her husband have $59 million net worth [Wall Street Journal]

Latest White House crasher: A hawk. [CNN]

Obama: China could join Asia-Pacific trade deal [TIME]

Clinton campaign opens five more Iowa offices [Des Moines Register]

TIME politics

Democrats Get a Primary

Joe Klein is TIME's political columnist and author of six books, most recently Politics Lost. His weekly TIME column, "In the Arena," covers national and international affairs.

Why candidates O’Malley and Sanders will make it a race

It should be noted that Martin O’Malley, the former governor of Maryland, got off the first sledgehammer line of the 2016 Democratic primary campaign when he announced his can-didacy on May 30: “Recently the CEO of Goldman Sachs”—the huge investment bank—”let his employees know that he’d be just fine with either Bush or Clinton.” And here O’Malley paused for effect. “I bet he would!” He went on, as a ripple of laughter and cheers swept the crowd, “Well, I’ve got news for the bullies of Wall Street. The presidency of the United States is not a crown to be passed back and forth, by you, between two royal families.”

The zinger captured the current 2016 campaign zeitgeist on several levels. There is a yeasty popu-lism rising in both parties. Among the Democrats, it’s anti-Big Business; for the Republicans, it is anti-Big Government (and labor). There is also a rising discomfort with the aforementioned royalist candidates, Jeb Bush and Hillary Clinton. Bush’s relatively moderate conservatism separates him from the pack temperamentally, but he is hardly the front runner at this point. No one is. Clinton is very much the presumptive Democrat, but not a very dynamic or compelling one. Indeed, the entry of O’Malley and Vermont’s Bernie Sanders into the race during the last week of May produced something of an energy jolt among Democrats, who have a preternatural need for a horse race, even when the horses are lame, and a long-festering desire for an ideological fight between left and center.

It should come as no surprise that Sanders seems to be catching fire among the leftish faithful, drawing big crowds and scoring double digits in an Iowa poll. He is a recognizable Democratic type–the prophet scorned, gushing rumpled authenticity. Usually, this phenomenon occurs when Democrats find themselves enmeshed in a foolish war: Eugene McCarthy in 1968, George McGovern in 1972, Howard Dean in 2004. Sanders’ distinction is that he is an economic Jeremiah, pitchforking the depredations of Wall Street. This is fertile turf. It is a fight that has been coming since moderate Democrats began courting Wall Street donors in the mid-1980s. Bill and Hillary Clinton’s wanton sloshing about in the plutocratic pigpen of their foundation makes it a particularly fat target this time. Sanders flies commercial.

But the populist case against the Clinton-Obama economic policies has real substance as well. It is no coincidence that the fundamental distortion of the American economy, with the deck stacked to benefit the financial sector, also dates back 30 years, when Democratic Congresses began to slip pro-bank provisions into the tax code, reaching a peak during the Clinton Administration with the demolition of the wall between commercial and investment banking and the flagrant refusal to regulate exotic derivative financial instruments—which, in turn, led to the Great Recession.

Both Sanders and O’Malley would take specific action against the Wall Street giants. They would break up the too-big-to-fail banks; they would reinstate the Glass-Steagall rules that used to separate legitimate banking from casino gambling. And if O’Malley got off the best zinger of the early campaign, Sanders has the best policy proposal: a tax on Wall Street transactions, tiny enough to impact only the computer-driven churning that makes the markets more volatile than they should be. He would spend some of the proceeds on a $1 trillion infrastructure-improvement program that would create, Sanders estimates, 13 million jobs—another good idea.

This should be a bright line in the primary, the most important substantive issue facing Hillary Clinton: How would she reform the tax and regulatory codes that unduly favor the financial sector?

I went to an O’Malley house party in Gilford, N.H., on the last day of May and met Johan Anderson, 68, who had been a successful sales executive but is now working two minimum-wage jobs to augment his Social Security. He had been a Republican and a town official in Stamford, Conn., “back in the days when you could be a Republican and a human being”—that is, before the party’s rightward lurch. Now he was engaged in the ancient New Hampshire pursuit of candidate shopping. “I really respect Hillary Clinton,” he said. “She’s obviously very smart and experienced. But I wonder about her leadership abilities. She made a mess of her health care plan [in 1994], and she didn’t organize her last campaign very well [in 2008]. My heart is with Bernie Sanders. I’d love to vote for him, but can he win? O’Malley is young [52] and brings a real freshness and energy to the race.”

I’m not sure how many people like Anderson are out there: perhaps enough to make Clinton a better candidate, perhaps enough to give her a scare. But there will definitely be a Democratic primary.

TO READ JOE’S BLOG POSTS, GO TO time.com/swampland

Read Next: Bernie Sanders Calls For More Democratic Debates

Listen to the most important stories of the day.

This appears in the June 15, 2015 issue of TIME.

TIME Ideas hosts the world's leading voices, providing commentary and expertise on the most compelling events in news, society, and culture. We welcome outside contributions. To submit a piece, email ideas@time.com.

TIME Hillary Clinton

Here Are Hillary Clinton’s Favorite Emoji

She's all about those handclaps

As part of a free flip-flop giveaway, Old Navy has launched an online tool that lets you analyze the most-used emoji on yours and other social media feeds—including any public Twitter account.

TIME and MONEY dug around to find some of the most interesting results from famous politicians, business leaders and celebrities, including presidential hopefuls Hillary Clinton, Marco Rubio, and Jeb Bush. Click through the list to also see the favored emoji of Bill Clinton, Narendra Modi, Elon Musk, Travis Kalanick, Taylor Swift, and Miley Cyrus.

Clinton’s Twitter feed had a lot to offer but neither of Barack Obama’s feeds seemed to make use of emoji, nor did Warren Buffett’s or Kanye West’s.

  • Hillary Clinton

    Hillary Clinton Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    Democratic presidential front-runner and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (or at least the folks running her Twitter feed) seems to favor the checkmark, clapping hands, and “sparkles” emoji—though the American flag also makes the cut.

  • Jeb Bush

    Jeb Bush Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    GOP presidential hopeful Jeb Bush doesn’t reveal much in his choice of emoji: He is the former governor of sunshine state Florida, after all.

  • Marco Rubio

    Marco Rubio Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    Florida Senator Marco Rubio is a fan of the clapping hands emoji.

  • Narendra Modi

    Narendra Modi Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is partial to the “okay” sign.

  • Elon Musk

    Elon Musk Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    The only emoji that pops up for Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s Twitter feed is the “see-no-evil” monkey.


  • Travis Kalanick

    Travis Kalanick Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    Uber CEO Travis Kalanick has most often used the “person raising both hands in celebration” symbol, which seems about right.

  • Taylor Swift

    Taylor Swift Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    Taylor Swift’s collection of most-used emoji is as much a window into her emotional world as many of her songs, with hearts, the “smiling face with heart-shaped eyes,” and “face with tears of joy” among her favorites. And like Hillary Clinton, she’s a fan of sparkles.

  • Miley Cyrus

    Old Navy / emoodji.com Miley Cyrus Favorite Emoji

    Miley Cyrus seems to use a wide variety of symbols on her Twitter feed—even more so than Taylor Swift—including the ever-evocative money and smiling poop emoji.

  • Bill Clinton

    Bill Clinton Favorite Emoji
    Old Navy / emoodji.com

    Last but not least, former President Bill Clinton appears to have made use of only one emoji: the folded hands, or prayer symbol. That’s one more than either of current POTUS Barack Obama’s Twitter accounts have used.

TIME Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton Faces Questions of Trustworthiness in New Polls

Hillary Clinton Campaigns South Carolina
Joe Raedle—Getty Images Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton sits with a customer as she visits the Main Street Bakery on May 27, 2015 in Columbia, SC.

Fewer Americans say Clinton inspires confidence, is trustworthy and honest

A growing proportion of Americans have negative views of Hillary Clinton, according to new polls, even as the former Secretary of State remains the overwhelming favorite for the Democratic presidential nomination.

The CNN/ORC survey released Tuesday showed that more Americans now have an unfavorable view of Clinton than at any time since 2001. Fifty percent of Americans say Clinton does not inspire confidence, up from 42% in March of 2014. Fewer think she cares about people like them. And a growing number of people, now up to 57%, do not consider her honest and trustworthy.

An ABC News/Washington Post poll released Tuesday found similar drops in Clinton’s trustworthiness. And while Clinton remains the prohibitive favorite in the Democratic primary race, the gap between her and top Republican contenders is shrinking, according to the CNN poll. In head-to-head match-ups with Republicans, Clinton is facing a stiffer challenge Marco Rubio, Rand Paul, Scott Walker and Jeb Bush than in previous surveys.

The CNN/ORC poll of 1,025 American adults, conducted between May 29 and May 31, has a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.

TIME Debates

Bernie Sanders Calls For More Democratic Debates

Sen. Bernie Sanders speaks during a rally at the American Indian Center on Sunday, May 31, 2015, in Minneapolis.
Minneapolis Star Tribune—TNS via Getty Images Sen. Bernie Sanders speaks during a rally at the American Indian Center on Sunday, May 31, 2015, in Minneapolis.

Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders is calling on the Democratic Party to increase the number of debates it is approving this election season and for them to begin in the coming weeks, rather than in the fall.

Sanders’ letter to Democratic National Committee Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz marks the first blow against the Democratic National Committee’s efforts to control the debate process. Last month, the DNC said it would sanction six debates, in what rival campaigns said was an effort to protect the front-runner, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Under the DNC rules, candidates who participate in a debate outside those six would be ineligible to take the stage at the sanctioned debates. The exclusivity clause mirrors that adopted by the Republican National Committee, which has approved as many as 12 debates for its far larger field.

“In recent weeks, as I have traveled around the country, I have been hearing concerns from voters about the need for vigorous candidate debate,” Sanders wrote. “The people of this country are tired of political gossip, personal attacks and ugly 30-second ads. They want the candidates to engage in serious discussion about the very serious issues facing our country today.”

Lis Smith, a spokeswoman for former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, backed changing the debate schedule. “We believe that the current number of debates is insufficient, the exclusivity requirement is misguided, and we would like to see a much more robust debate schedule.”

The debates will prove to be a pivotal moment for the Clinton challengers, elevating them to the same stage as their better-known and better-liked rival. Clinton aides understandably want to limit her exposure on stage. She backed the DNC rules in a tweet:

But if Clinton’s rivals all abandon the DNC sanctioned debates, or flout the exclusivity rules, Clinton may be in the position of debating herself on stage, or having to appear in more contests than she would have preferred.

“We need a lot more debates in this campaign,” Sanders said Sunday on Meet the Press. “I hope very much that we can begin with the Democratic candidates at least as early as July, and also [have] Republicans in those debates, as well.”

Sanders’ plan to have Republicans on stage would run into the GOP’s own exclusivity rules and the RNC’s better-organized debate process.

In his letter, Sanders argues that beginning the first debates in the coming weeks will boost voter turnout in the primaries and caucuses, as well as next November’s general election.

In a response Monday afternoon, DNC spokeswoman Holly Shulman said the party was “thrilled” to see Sanders was eager to participate in its official debates but that it would not be looking to add more.

“We’ve already released our primary debate framework, and we believe that six debates will give plenty of opportunity for the candidates to be seen side-by-side,” she said. “We’ll have more details in the coming weeks, and we look forward to Senator Sanders and other candidates participating. I’m sure there will be plenty of other forums for the candidates to make their case to voters, and that they will make the most out of every opportunity.”

TIME Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton Will Officially Launch Her Campaign on June 13

Hillary Clinton will officially launch her campaign for president on June 13 with a rally on New York City’s Roosevelt Island, ending the gradual ramp-up phase of her bid for president.

The former Secretary of State will speak to a crowd open to the public on the four-mile-long island in the East River of New York at midday, a Clinton campaign official said on Monday. In her remarks, Clinton will lay our her vision for the campaign and her view of the country.

The first official rally of Clinton’s nascent campaign will mark the end of a two-month period of small events in the early primary states of Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina, where Clinton has spoken about economic inequality, a full path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, regulating Wall Street banks, and criminal justice reform, among other issues.

Clinton’s campaign events have been highly controlled discussions with hand-picked roundtable participants. She and her aides say they have drawn on discussions with voters for framing policy ideas, including addressing opioid drug abuse and student debt.

Roosevelt Island sits halfway between Manhattan and Queens, and is served by one subway line, a bridge and an aerial tram. The island is named after the Democratic president Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

“Throughout her career, Hillary Clinton has been inspired by FDR’s belief that America is stronger when we summon the work and talents of all Americans and has long admired Eleanor Roosevelt as a role model,” said a Clinton campaign official in a note.

Immediately following her campaign speech, she will travel to all four early primary states, first to Iowa, then to New Hampshire, South Carolina and Nevada.

Though Clinton was the first candidate to enter the race on April 12, she is the third candidate, after Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, to launch her campaign with an official rally.

TIME 2016 Election

Martin O’Malley Looks to Future But Can’t Escape the Past

Hecklers appear at the former Baltimore Mayor's presidential campaign launch

Former Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley, who plays guitar in a rock band and regularly emerges shirtless from the frigid water of Polar Bear plunges, maintained his reputation for youthful vigor Saturday morning. An American flag the size of a parachute billowed behind him, and the Baltimore harbor glimmered in the hot morning sun. O’Malley rolled up his shirtsleeves to announce his candidacy for President. He also repeated the word “new” nearly a dozen times.

“For over 200 years we’ve been the architects of our own future. And now we must build anew today,” O’Malley said to cheers. “All of us are included,” the former governor and mayor continued. “Women and men. Black and white people.”

O’Malley’s crowd in this majority-black city, however, was populated mostly by affluent white supporters of the two-term governor and friends, many of them from Washington D.C.’s suburbs. Dozens of men wearing the purple shirts of O’Malley’s all-boys Jesuit high school Gonzaga filled in the audience. He chose Baltimore’s Federal Hill Park as his stage, miles from the neighborhoods struck by rioting after the death of Freddie Gray while in police custody.

And outside the rallying area, small groups of mostly black Baltimoreans heckled the former mayor and two-term Maryland governor. “100,000 arrests under your watch, O’Malley!” shouted one man, referring to the number of arrests by the Baltimore police department in 2005 while O’Malley was mayor of the city. “You’re going to leave them homeless, you’re going to leave them out of a job, you’re going to leave them hungry!” said another. “Stop Killer Cops,” read one sign.

The split-screen quality of O’Malley’s campaign launch—an energetic candidate speaking above the glistening harbor he rebuilt, and the scattering of angry black Baltimore residents in the crowd—reveal the challenges in the campaign ahead. Even as O’Malley seeks to look to the future by drawing on a progressive record and his relative youth, the recent riots in Baltimore threaten to chip away at his legacy as mayor.

Read more: Martin O’Malley Phoned Hillary Clinton Ahead of His Presidential Launch

At his rally, the self-appointed emissary of newness was surrounded by the youth he hopes to project: toddlers ran around in the audience before his speech, and three of the introductory speakers were millennial Marylanders. At 52, O’Malley is 15 years younger than former secretary of state Hillary Clinton and 21 years younger than Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, his two competitors for the Democratic nomination.

O’Malley points to his deep-blue Democratic record: as governor, he pushed to raise the minimum wage, pass gay marriage legislation, and end capital punishment in the state. He spoke out early against President Obama’s deportation of children who crossed the Mexican border in 2014. He spoke out on Saturday against what he calls the excesses of Wall Street and talks about his platform like a populist.

“We cannot rebuild the American Dream here at home by catering to the voices of the privileged and the powerful,” O’Malley said on Saturday. “Let’s be honest. They were the ones who turned our economy upside-down in the first place. And they are the only ones who are benefiting from it.”

His aggressive policing policies in Baltimore have earned him a mixed reputation in the city, especially among the non-privileged. While crime rates in Baltimore dropped by over 40% when he was mayor, clearing the way for some economic revitalization, police-community relationships worsened during his tenure by some accounts. The more than 100,000 arrests in 2005 during his second-to-last year as mayor led to a lawsuit by the ACLU and an $870,000 settlement with the city. Years later, Freddie Gray’s death at the hands of the Baltimore Police unleashed a wave of rioting, and many blamed the former mayor’s policies.

In his speech, O’Malley addressed the riots directly, attributing the unrest to poverty and unemployment in American cities like Baltimore. What happened in Baltimore, he said, was “not only about race” and “not only about policing.”

“Conditions of extreme and growing poverty create conditions for extreme violence,” O’Malley said. “We have work to do. Our economic and political system is upside down and backwards and it is time to turn it around.”

Read more: What Martin O’Malley Hopes to Learn from Gary Hart

Whatever the reasons for the riots, the unrest has shaken some of O’Malley’s support in his home base.

“Had the riots not happened, O’Malley would have been a golden boy and an adopted black son,” said Rev. Ron Owens, a prominent black Baltimore minister who helped organize the funeral for Freddie Gray. “He had a ‘black card,’ and it was taken from him.”

“I don’t know what could possibly be his platform,” said Rev. Jamal Bryant, another influential Baltimore minister. “The schools are in disrepair, he is the father of mass incarceration in Baltimore city, and there was no great economic upswing for minorities during his time.”

Despite the hecklers on Saturday, O’Malley enjoyed enthusiastic support from many of his allies in the audience. “We had a Catholic guy who supported gay marriage. He took a stand against the death penalty when that was not popular,” said Alice McDermott, a supporter and acquaintance of the governor who teaches at Johns Hopkins University. “That says a lot about him.”

O’Malley recycled many familiar tropes from his campaigning in Iowa and New Hampshire, as well as cable television green rooms. “I’ve got news for the bullies of Wall Street,” O’Malley said, digging at the Clintons, the Bushes and the big banks all in one familiar swing. “The presidency is not a crown to be passed back and forth by you between two royal families.”

On paper, O’Malley is a candidate ready-made for Democratic caucus-goers. But in a year dominated by Hillary Clinton, he is struggling to establish clean policy distinctions with her on make-or-break issues. “He’ll have to find something where he and Clinton have a different position,” said Craig Varoga, a top consultant on O’Malley’s 2010 reelection campaign for governor. “In order to win he’d have to be a perfect candidate, and then get very lucky.”

Read more: Martin O’Malley Prepares to Launch Campaign

By any measure, O’Malley faces a long uphill battle for the Democratic nomination. He is polling nationally among Democrats at around 1% compared with Clinton’s near-60%. The other underdog Democratic candidate in the race, Bernie Sanders, has taken some of the attention from O’Malley’s launch by occupying a position further to the left. Sanders is at 15% in the polls.

O’Malley’s distance behind Clinton may liberate his campaign to try to catch up with bold strokes, like a perennial Iowa and New Hampshire campaign and pointed attacks on the former secretary’s record. “It’s like Janis Joplin said: ‘Freedom is just another word for nothing left to lose,’” said Ned Parrott, a Virginia attorney and friend of the governor who attended the rally.

The real freedom trick for O’Malley, though, may be shaking free of his Baltimore hecklers.

-With reporting by Zeke J. Miller

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