TIME Books

There’s a New Most Literate City in America

Jamie Grill—Getty Images/Tetra images RF Row of books on shelf

Washington D.C. lost the title

Minneapolis has been named the “Most Literate City” in the United States, USA Today reports.

The Minnesota city — which is appropriately currently hosting the Association for Writers & Writing Programs Conference — was given the title in the 12th annual “Most Literate City” study, conducted by Central Connecticut State University president Dr. Jack Miller.

Washington D.C., which held the title for the last four years, was bumped down to the number two spot. It is followed by Seattle, St. Paul (also in Minnesota) and Atlanta.

The study looked at data surrounding local bookstores, library resources, newspaper circulation and education levels.

See the rest of the ranking here.

[USA Today]


TIME Books

These Are the 25 Most-Highlighted Game of Thrones Quotes

On Amazon's Kindle e-readers

While you await the Game of Thrones season five premiere on Sunday, take a look back at the five books by George R. R. Martin that inspired the HBO show. Amazon provided TIME with the 25 most highlighted quotes from the literary series on its Kindle e-readers to help you pass time as you count down to the simultaneous HBO and HBO Go broadcast at 9 p.m. E.T.:

From A Game of Thrones (Book 1):

  • “Never forget what you are, for surely the world will not. Make it your strength. Then it can never be your weakness. Armor yourself in it, and it will never be used to hurt you.”
  • “Let them see that their words can cut you, and you’ll never be free of the mockery. If they want to give you a name, take it, make it your own. Then they can’t hurt you with it anymore.”
  • “When you play the game of thrones, you win or you die. There is no middle ground.”
  • “’The common people pray for rain, healthy children, and a summer that never ends,’ Ser Jorah told her. ‘It is no matter to them if the high lords play their game of thrones, so long as they are left in peace.’ He gave a shrug. ‘They never are.’”
  • “If you would take a man’s life, you owe it to him to look into his eyes and hear his final words. And if you cannot bear to do that, then perhaps the man does not deserve to die.”

From A Clash of Kings (Book 2):

  • “Sorcery is the sauce fools spoon over failure to hide the flavor of their own incompetence.”
  • “Power resides where men believe it resides. No more and no less.”
  • “There’s no shame in fear, my father told me, what matters is how we face it.”
  • “Love is poison. A sweet poison, yes, but it will kill you all the same.”
  • “What good is this, I ask you? He who hurries through life hurries to his grave.”

From A Storm of Swords (Book 3):

  • “Old stories are like old friends, she used to say. You have to visit them from time to time.”
  • “The greatest fools are ofttimes more clever than the men who laugh at them,”
  • “Everyone wants something, Alayne. And when you know what a man wants you know who he is, and how to move him.”
  • “Always keep your foes confused. If they are never certain who you are or what you want, they cannot know what you are like to do next. Sometimes the best way to baffle them is to make moves that have no purpose, or even seem to work against you.”
  • “One voice may speak you false, but in many there is always truth to be found.”

From A Feast for Crows (Book 4):

  • “History is a wheel, for the nature of man is fundamentally unchanging.”
  • “Knowledge is a weapon, Jon. Arm yourself well before you ride forth to battle.”
  • “I prefer my history dead. Dead history is writ in ink, the living sort in blood.”
  • “In the game of thrones, even the humblest pieces can have wills of their own. Sometimes they refuse to make the moves you’ve planned for them. Mark that well, Alayne. It’s a lesson that Cersei Lannister still has yet to learn.”
  • “Every man should lose a battle in his youth, so he does not lose a war when he is old.”

From A Dance With Dragons (Book 5):

  • “’A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies,’ said Jojen. ‘The man who never reads lives only one.’”
  • “The fisherman drowned, but his daughter got Stark to the Sisters before the boat went down. They say he left her with a bag of silver and a bastard in her belly. Jon Snow, she named him, after Arryn.”
  • “You could make a poultice out of mud to cool a fever. You could plant seeds in mud and grow a crop to feed your children. Mud would nourish you, where fire would only consume you, but fools and children and young girls would choose fire every time.”
  • “Men live their lives trapped in an eternal present, between the mists of memory and the sea of shadow that is all we know of the days to come.”
  • “No. Hear me, Daenerys Targaryen. The glass candles are burning. Soon comes the pale mare, and after her the others. Kraken and dark flame, lion and griffin, the sun’s son and the mummer’s dragon. Trust none of them. Remember the Undying. Beware the perfumed seneschal.”

Read next: Everything You Need to Know Before Game of Thrones Season 5 Starts

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TIME Books

Read TIME’s Original Review of The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

The book came out exactly 90 years ago

The main book review in the May 11, 1925, issue of TIME earned several columns of text, with an in-depth analysis of the book’s significance and the author’s background.

But, nearly a century later, you’ve probably never heard of Mr. Tasker’s Gods, by T.F. Powys, much less read it.

Meanwhile, another book reviewed in the issue, earning a single paragraph relegated to the second page of the section, has gone down in history as one of the most important works in American literature — and, to many, the great American novel. It was F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, published exactly 90 years ago, on April 10, 1925.

TIME’s original review, though noting Fitzgerald’s talent, gave little hint of the fame waiting for the book:

THE GREAT GATSBY—F. Scott Fitzgerald—Scribner—($2.00).

Still the brightest boy in the class, Scott Fitzgerald holds up his hand. It is noticed that his literary trousers are longer, less bell-bottomed, but still precious. His recitation concerns Daisy Fay who, drunk as a monkey the night before she married Tom Buchanan, muttered: “Tell ’em all Daisy’s chang’ her mind.” A certain penniless Navy lieutenant was believed to be swimming out of her emotional past. They gave her a cold bath, she married Buchanan, settled expensively at West Egg, L. I., where soon appeared one lonely, sinister Gatsby, with mounds of mysterious gold, ginny habits and a marked influence on Daisy. He was the lieutenant, of course, still swimming. That he never landed was due to Daisy’s baffled withdrawal to the fleshly, marital mainland. Due also to Buchanan’s disclosure that the mounds of gold were ill-got. Nonetheless, Yegg Gatsby remained Daisy’s incorruptible dream, unpleasantly removed in person toward the close of the book by an accessory in oil-smeared dungarees.

But not everyone had trouble seeing the future: in a 1933 cover story about Gertrude Stein, the intellectual icon offered her prognostications on the literature of her time. F. Scott Fitzgerald, she told TIME, “will be read when many of his well known contemporaries are forgotten.”

TIME Culture

The Serious Business of Pulp Fiction

Getty Images

Zocalo Public Square is a not-for-profit Ideas Exchange that blends live events and humanities journalism.

How paperbacks helped forge our modern ideas about sex, race, and war

Cheap paperback books are like sex: They claim attention, elicit memories good and bad, and get talked about endlessly. The mid-20th century was the era of pulp, which landed in America in 1939.

You could pick up these paper-bound books at the corner drugstore or bus station for a quarter. They had juicy covers featuring original (and sometimes provocative) art, blurring the lines between canonical literature (Emily Brontë and Honoré de Balzac) and the low genres of crime, romance, and Westerns. Even fairly tame cover images grabbed attention. The Unexpected!, Bennett Cerf’s 1948 collection of “high tension stories” for Bantam Books, featured a cover by artist Ed Grant of a woman and a man—both in proper suits, though hers is flaming red—standing horrified in front of an open trapdoor. It hints at the thrills within.

Paperbacks went beyond lurid fiction. They brought high culture and scholarly nonfiction to readers, covering every conceivable taste and topic, from anti-Semitism (James Parkes’ 1946 An Enemy of the People) to works by diplomats, philosophers, physicists, anthropologists, even Sigmund Freud and Stendhal.

At 25 to 35 cents a pop—wages for a night of babysitting or the cost of a pack of cigarettes— paperbacks could be had by anyone, and so enabled teenagers and poor and working people to enter fully into the cultural landscape. Irving Shulman’s The Amboy Dukes was passed among Brooklyn street kids who emulated the gangs rampaging through the novel; bored housewives whiled away hours in suburbia minding house and children by reading paperbacks they picked up at the grocery store. In the 1950s, these books created secret communities of readers who fashioned identities through ownership; women in rural America might come to recognize themselves as lesbians after finding Women’s Barracks by Tereska Torrès on a candy store rack; would-be intellectuals could glimpse William Gaddis’ postmodernism in the New American Library’s New World Writing collection.

Unlike other forms of mass media that could be consumed at home—radio and later, television—paperbacks offered more than ephemeral content. Compact enough to carry anywhere, they were total packages, providing content not only through the text in their pages and illustrations on their covers, but also as objects. The books’ shape, smell, feel, even the sound of their cracking bindings helped to create a rare sense of connection among readers, booksellers, publishers, and authors. E.L. Doctorow, who was an editor at New American Library before becoming a published author, remembers his first deep reading experience plowing through the first 10 Pocket Books published in 1939 while he languished in a hospital bed recovering from a near-fatal disease.

Paperbacks could be serious business. In His Eye Is on the Sparrow (1952), Ethel Waters told her story of fighting against racism, poverty, and abuse to become a breakthrough singer and actress on Broadway and in Hollywood. Declaring her birth, “October 31, 1900, was the date, Chester, Pennsylvania, the place, which makes me, I trust, an American citizen,” she connects her life to that of the century and the nation, making clear that by 1951, even before Brown v. Board of Education, a poor, black woman claimed full citizenship in this country. Daphne Rooke’s Mittee (1953) unveiled South African apartheid through an interracial love triangle involving a white man, a white woman, and her mixed race female servant. The book included a glossary of Afrikaans terminology for U.S. readers to enlarge their vocabulary and open their eyes to distant parts of the world.

Since the publication of my book America Pulp: How Paperbacks Brought Modernism to Main Street, I have had the moving (and somewhat bewildering) experience of hearing very personal stories that confirm my argument about how paperbacks permeated daily life. Dozens of people—total strangers, long-ago boyfriends, friends of friends, collectors, bibliographers—have written me emails and letters, and sent me packages containing pulp pulled from their shelves.

I recently received an email from one reader, who wrote about her relative, Jack Nemec, an immigrant who wrote a dozen kinky titles, including Sin Caravan, The Spy Who Came to Bed, and The Darkest Urge. She learned about these books after his death; some relatives are a “smidge embarrassed that we have a ‘porn’ writer in the family,” she wrote—in fact, they threw out all his books after he died. Nemec’s books are hard to come by these days; she has read only one, Is She a Dyke? Her email concluded that she is a “bit proud that we’re a part of this little part of Americana.”

Her pride zeroes in on the crux of what pulp meant in the middle of the 20th century—and how we might understand it now. These books are a little piece of Americana; they linked the midway to the bedroom. The plot of Nemec’s Easy Sue—there’s one copy available on eBay—features an enormous woman who finds fulfillment working in a carnival where she meets the human giant; he’s well endowed. And yet the book’s design—its sleazy cover and handy shape—resembled the cover of William Faulkner’s novel The Unvanquished. Appealing to every taste, paperbacks were (and still are) trafficked—bartered, bought, exchanged, sequestered, hidden, destroyed … and loved. Because they carry traces of both the illicit and aspirational, they figure as distillations of America’s various dreams.

Pulp elevated working people into writers and collectors and was a quirky means for immigrants to assimilate to American culture. A rural Midwesterner moved to New York City and found paperbacks were the vehicle for his social mobility. The man’s daughter, who lives in the Netherlands, sent me a copy of his memoir. Karl Zimmer became “a Johnny Appleseed from the Heartland [who] spread American books across three continents.” In the 1950s, he drummed Ian Ballantine’s paperbacks to booksellers up and down Manhattan while working “a night job operating a machine that extruded insulation onto electric cable at a factory in Brooklyn.”

Hawking paperbacks was an uncommon route out of the Midwest and into pulp; most entered as consumers, picking something off a rack. A New York artist described in an email how she remembered her parents’ bedroom side tables filled with paperbacks. They bought the books at Pete Bianchi’s soda fountain and tobacco store in Ohio, “where our father used to take us kids for comic books and treats, and where he could peruse the rotating shelves of pulp mysteries.” Those drugstore visits to find books that were unavailable at the local library still inhabit readers’ memories. Encountering pulp was a family affair, undertaken together, in plain view, not hidden in a plain brown wrapper as Nemec’s novels surely would have been. Those books were a part of the landscape of Smalltown, U.S.A. They made us who we are: a pocket-book nation.

Cheap paperbacks helped to forge modern ideas about race, sex, war, science, and much more. During their heyday from the late 1930s to the late 1950s, pulp spread the practice of everyday reading, bringing to a mass audience of avid readers—everything from smut to theology; from whodunits to Macbeth. Paperbacks ’R’ Us.

Paula Rabinowitz is professor of English at the University of Minnesota and author of America Pulp: How Paperbacks Brought Modernism to Main Street. She wrote this for What It Means to Be American, a national conversation hosted by the Smithsonian and Zocalo Public Square.

TIME Ideas hosts the world's leading voices, providing commentary and expertise on the most compelling events in news, society, and culture. We welcome outside contributions. To submit a piece, email ideas@time.com.

TIME Books

The Fug Girls on a Century of Royal Weddings

With a new novel loosely based on a certain royal romance out today, Heather Cocks and Jessica Morgan re-examine some regal weddings

Correction appended, April 7, 2015.

It’s been four years since Kate Middleton donned the McQueen wedding gown that launched a thousand paper dolls and princess fantasies. So far, so good: royal baby No. 2 is due this month. But living a fairy tale isn’t always so easy — something we explore in our new novel The Royal We, which opens on the eve of a royal wedding that may not happen and is loosely based on the courtship of Prince William and Kate Middleton. In honor of happy endings, both hoped-for and actual, join us as we explore a century of British royal wedding gowns and the real-life characters who wore them.

Heather Cocks and Jessica Morgan are the authors of The Royal We, out this week. Their blog, GoFugYourself, is a witty, no-holds-barred look at celebrity fashion and pop culture.

Correction: The original version of this included a photo caption that misidentified King George V and Queen Mary.

  • Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, 1863

    The Prince of Wales marriage to Alexandra of Denmark at St. George 's Chapel, Windsor on March 10, 1863.
    Lebrecht/Corbis An illustration of the Prince of Wales' marriage to Alexandra of Denmark at St. George 's Chapel, Windsor on March 10, 1863.

    Like many royal brides after her, Queen Alexandra proved to be a trendsetter. Victorian women copied not only her habitual high-necked dresses and giant chokers (which she wore to cover a scar), they even aped her limp. We can only assume that, after this wedding, everyone who was anyone considered wearing a crown of orange blossoms to the market.

  • George V and Queen Mary, 1893

    King George V on his wedding day with his bride Princess Mary of Teck on July 6, 1893.
    Hulton Archive/Getty Images King George V on his wedding day with his bride Princess Mary of Teck on July 6, 1893.

    You wouldn’t know it from their solemn expressions, but these two were a love match. Mary of Teck was chosen as the bride for Edward VII’s heir Albert Victor, but when Albert died of influenza, she fell for his brother during the throes of grief. (Where’s the swoony PBS miniseries about that)? The dress has a more alluring cut than its predecessors, but the orange blossom strands — a purity motif — feel a bit like a late add. Or a hasty assurance that the fiance-swap was all above-board.

  • George VI and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, 1923

    Royal Wedding
    AP Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and Prince Albert, Duke of York (later to be King George VI) on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after their wedding ceremony at Westminster Abbey, London on April 26, 1923.

    The former Prince Albert’s choice of a non-royal wife was considered extremely modern, even for a man who was at that time The Spare, and Elizabeth’s dress reflects that: Its 1920s look dovetails with reports that it was chosen from a shop window mere weeks before the wedding. Papers at the time called it “medieval” and they had a point; it’s not the most flattering or dreamy garment. But Elizabeth’s lack of interest in frills (she refused a tiara) may be part of what the world loved about her: Here, and during the war and beyond, she just put her head down and got it done.

  • Wallis Simpson and the Duke of Windsor (formerly Edward VIII), 1937

    Windsor Wedding
    Topical Press Agency/Getty Images The Duke of Windsor, formerly Edward VIII King of Great Britain and the Duchess of Windsor, Wallis Simpson, on their wedding day at the Chateau de Conde, near Tours, France.

    The tremendous romance of a man abdicating the throne for his true love (who happened to have been married to someone else) has, in recent years, been sullied by reports that the Duke and Duchess of Windsor were rumored Nazi sympathizers. And so we feel comfortable noting that, though Wallis’s gown is deeply appropriate for her third wedding, her headdress looks like she stuck a dinner plate in her bun.

  • Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, 1947

    Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh wave to the crowds from the balcony of Buckingham Palace in London on their wedding day. Nov. 20,1947.
    AP Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh wave to the crowds from the balcony of Buckingham Palace in London on their wedding day. Nov. 20,1947.

    Perhaps it’s because she has reigned so long, and long may she yet, but QEII never struck us as one for girly frills and furbelows. So the stunning 13-foot Botticelli-inspired veil feels surprising now, but back then, it was simply meant to symbolize rebirth after the war. She paid for it with clothing-ration coupons, which is awesome, and makes us wish McQueen would accept whatever we could clip out of the Penny Saver.

  • Princess Margaret and Anthony Armstrong-Jones (Lord Snowdon), 1960

    Princess Margaret and Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Buckingham Palace at their marriage ceremony at Westminster Abbey, London on May 6, 1960.
    AP Princess Margaret and Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Buckingham Palace at their marriage ceremony at Westminster Abbey, London on May 6, 1960.

    Princess Margaret’s was the first televised royal wedding, and her ensemble was worthy of the honor. From the top of her glorious tiara to the hem of her stunningly simple and perfectly tailored gown (courtesy of Norman Hartnell, who also designed QE2’s gown, this time free of post-WWII fabric rationing constrictions), she looked timeless and unforgettable. Now that is a princess.


  • Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, 1973

    Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips leaving the west door of Westminster Abbey in London, after their wedding ceremony, Nov. 14, 1973.
    AP Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips leaving the west door of Westminster Abbey in London, after their wedding ceremony, Nov. 14, 1973.

    Anne seems like the royal family member who you’d run to for a good Get-A-Grip talk. She comes across as no-nonsense and practical, as if her name is spelled A-n-n-e but pronounced “sen-si-ble” — and so we were surprised to discover that this otherwise spartan gown has massive wizard sleeves. Then again, Anne is also the royal family member we’d be least surprised to see whip out a wand and shout, “Expelliarmus,” or transfigure into a panther. So maybe the math here is sound after all.

  • Lady Diana Spencer and Prince Charles, 1981

    Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer on their wedding day at St Paul's Cathedral, London on July 29, 1981.
    AP Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer on their wedding day at St Paul's Cathedral, London on July 29, 1981.

    Anyone who was alive when this wedding happened — or even within a few years of it — doesn’t need to see a photo of Diana’s gown. It totally just burst into your head, like popcorn from a kernel, which is kind of what its puffed sleeves evoke. The dress and its 25-foot train were nearly too large to fit into the carriage she would take to St. Paul’s Cathedral. In the moment, it was Cinderella; in hindsight, it was stratospherically over-the-top, but either way it is indisputably iconic.

  • Sarah Ferguson and Prince Andrew, 1986

    Anwar Hussein Collection
    Anwar Hussein—Getty Images Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York and Prince Andrew, Duke of York stand on the balcony of Buckingham Palace and wave at their wedding on July 23, 1986 in London.

    Fergie and Diana are forever intertwined in many ways, not least of which is that Sarah’s wedding gown, being the first to follow Di’s, looks like the instructions were, “Do that, but divided by four.” Only in royal-wedding terms could a dress with that much beading (everything from anchors and waves, to their initials, to bumblebees from her family crest) be considered a restrained step back.

  • Sophie Rhys-Jones and Prince Edward, 1999

    The Earl and Countess of Wessex on their wedding day on June 19, 1999.
    PA Wire/Press Association Images The Earl and Countess of Wessex on their wedding day on June 19, 1999.

    Edward and Sophie’s wedding wasn’t a full state occasion — no foreign dignitaries were invited, and everyone was told to leave their hats at home (which seems quite boring, frankly). So it stands to reason that Sophie’s dress feels a bit more humdrum than Fergie’s or Diana’s. Sixteen years later, the Countess of Wessex is an Alexander McQueen-loving fashion plate, and we can’t help but wonder what she’d wear if she were allowed a do-over.

  • Zara Phillips and Mike Tindall, 2011

    Zara Phillips and Mike Tindall in Edinburgh on July 30, 2011.
    Express Newspapers/AP Zara Phillips and Mike Tindall in Edinburgh on July 30, 2011.

    This may seem woefully dull — whoops, let’s say understated —and as though it may actually be the underskirt of a much cooler gown. But it was designed by the Queen’s own couturier. We can’t decide if Zara picked it herself, or if it was Granny’s pointed attempt to take control of her granddaughter’s historically wilder style. Still, even with that duvet-like hem, Zara looks elegant and happy, and as if she won’t get grief from her children in fifteen years when they Google “Zara Phillips wedding.” Which is really the important thing.

  • Kate Middleton and Prince William, 2011

    Britain Royal Wedding
    Matt Dunham—AP Britain's Prince William and his wife Kate, Duchess of Cambridge wave from the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Royal Wedding in London April, 29, 2011.

    Okay, Zara and Mike got married six months after Kate and Wills did, but we wanted to end on a high note. And there truly is no higher: When the eyes of the entire planet were on her, Kate delivered the most elegantly dreamy and perfectly streamlined Alexander McQueen. This dress assured designer Sarah Burton’s place in history, and helped propel Kate not only into one of the most-watched wardrobes of the world, but into every generation’s hearts and imaginations. And maybe, just a little bit, into a book.

TIME Books

6 Ways to Handle Getting Fired Without Totally Freaking Out

Jon Acuff is the bestselling author of five books, including his latest, Do Over: Rescue Monday, Reinvent Your Work & Never Get Stuck, out this week.

You lost your job. Now what? Don't load up on mac & cheese. Do follow this list.

If your boss ever invites you to a 5PM meeting on a Friday, don’t go.

That’s not a meeting; that’s a booby-trap.

That’s the lose-your-job hour, (happened to me once because of a huge financial crisis). That’s the get-fired window (happened to me once because I was a huge jerk). Perhaps, though, it’s too late for you. You’ve already experienced a Career Bump. An unexpected moment, a rogue wave of unemployment that caught you unprepared. What do you do now?

Well, here are 6 ways to survive a Career Bump that I learned in my 16 years of employment adventures:

1. Aim for next, not best.

When you have no job and have no money and eventually have no pants because they cost money, it’s not time to aim for your “dream job.” You need a “job-job” right now. A lot of the people I coach get stuck trying to go off on some vision quest when they lose their job. Forget that. Get your next job — the one you might only have for a year and then fire up the dream job machine once you’ve stabilized things a smidge.

2. Send your ego on a short vacation.

I used to write laser hair removal radio jingles. Why? Because if there’s one thing I have a deep passion for it’s the constant frustration of shaving your legs. Or it’s because I put my ego aside and had to hustle on whatever I could. When you hit a Career Bump, put your ego on pause and do what you need to do to get a new job. Even if it’s one that your ego tries to say is “beneath you.” (Again, it’s not a forever job, it’s just for right now.)

3. Ask for help.

Friends can’t help you unless you ask for help. They also can’t help you if they don’t know you went through a Career Bump. Be brave. Ask people for help. Reach out to friends. Don’t fake like you have it all together if you don’t right now.

4. Don’t eat Easy Mac for breakfast.

When I got laid off, I focused on being sad and eating copious amounts of macaroni and cheese. The only thing that helped me accomplish was my pants not fitting. If you’re still getting up early, running a lot during your unemployment and working out, this tip made no sense. If you’re eating Easy Mac right now though, you should tweet, “@JonAcuff just blew my mind!”

5. Don’t compare yourself to other people.

The worst thing you can do when you’re unemployed is dive into the buffet of “everyone has a better life than I do” that is social media. Don’t gorge on Instagram, watching a steady stream of all the amazing things other people are doing. Don’t obsess on the successful endeavors it feels like everyone on Facebook is enjoying. We’ve always had a grass-is-greener mentality, but now we just have instant access to a million digital backyards.

6. Figure out what you need to work on.

Careers are built or broken on how we invest in them. The problem is that most of us were taught to work jobs, not build careers. Use this time to figure out which part of your Career Savings Account (CSA) you need to invest in. (The formula for a long lasting, successful career is Relationships +Skills + Character x Hustle.) To make that easier I created a simple quiz with 12 crazy questions that help you get a quick look at your career. You can take it for free at careersavingsaccount.com.

I hope you never need this article. I hope you have a forty career run where only awesome things happen to you and you never experience a Career Bump.

But I have my doubts.

If you hit a bump, don’t give up. It’s part of working.

(Also, don’t buy a pallet of Easy Mac and binge-watch four straight days of Netflix. That’s not going to help anybody.)

Jon Acuff is a career coach and bestselling author of five books, including Do Over: Rescue Monday, Reinvent Your Work & Never Get Stuck, out next week.

Read next: The Road Not Taken: How Getting Fired Boosted My Career

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TIME Ideas hosts the world's leading voices, providing commentary and expertise on the most compelling events in news, society, and culture. We welcome outside contributions. To submit a piece, email ideas@time.com.

TIME Books

Hillary Clinton Is the Perfect Age to Be President

Forget politics — she's biologically primed to be a leader

At 67, Hillary Clinton is now a “woman of a certain age.” So much emphasis and worry are put on physical aging in women that the emotional maturity and freedom that can come at this time are given short shrift. That robs everyone of a great natural resource. For women of a certain age, it is our time to lead. The new standard for aging women should be about vitality, strength and assertiveness.

One of the largest demographics in America is women in their 40s to 60s, and by 2020 there will be nearly 60 million peri- and post-menopausal women living in the U.S. Because women’s average life expectancy is currently 81 years, we’re easily spending a third of our lives postmenopausal. That is a great opportunity for growth and change.

The long phase of perimenopause is marked by seismic spikes and troughs of estrogen levels, which can last for more than a decade in many women. But afterward, there is a hormonal ebbing that creates a moment of great possibility. As a psychiatrist, I will tell you the most interesting thing about menopause is what happens after. A woman emerging from the transition of perimenopause blossoms. It is a time for redefining and refining what it is she wants to accomplish in her third act. And it happens to be excellent timing for the job Clinton is likely to seek. Biologically speaking, postmenopausal women are ideal candidates for leadership. They are primed to handle stress well, and there is, of course, no more stressful job than the presidency.

Estrogen is a stress hormone that helps a woman be resilient during her fertile years. Its levels rise and fall to help her meet her biological demands, which are often about giving to others: attracting a mate, bearing children and nurturing a family. When estrogen levels drop after menopause, the cyclical forces that dominated the first half of our lives have been replaced with something more consistent. Our lives revolve less around others and become more about finally taking our turn.

In my new book, Moody Bitches, I look at how women are taught from an early age that moodiness is a problem to be fixed. That is simply wrongheaded. Women’s moods are our body’s intelligent feedback system. If we learn to manage them properly, they are a great resource and a tremendous source of power. They show us when we are primed for certain challenges and opportunities.

And the postmenopausal emergence, if you will, coincides with the point at which most women will have a fair amount of experience under their belts. (Perhaps they’ve already served as a U.S. Senator and Secretary of State, for instance.) This is often the right time to make a push, to take more of a leadership position, enter a new arena or strike out on one’s own. My mother was a great role model in her perimenopause, taking her symptoms in stride and referring to her hot flashes as “power surges.” She got another degree and switched careers; that appealed to me as a teenage girl. Now I see this rise in power as a way to channel new energy and even new anger. It’s a chance to make changes that should’ve been made decades ago. This may also be the time when children — adolescents in particular — are ready to take on more responsibility, so perhaps there is a benefit for everyone in changing that family dynamic.

“I will not make age an issue of this campaign. I am not going to exploit, for political purposes, my opponent’s youth and inexperience,” said a 73-year-old Ronald Reagan of 56-year-old Walter Mondale. Hillary would begin her presidency at exactly the same age Reagan did, but her life expectancy would be longer than that of any other President in recent times. And she would have all the experience and self-assurance of a postmenopausal woman, ready to take her rightful place at the table — or in the Oval Office.

Julie Holland, M.D., is a psychopharmacologist and psychiatrist, and the best-selling author of Weekends at Bellevue: Nine Years on the Night Shift at the Psych ER and Moody Bitches: The Truth About the Drugs You’re Taking, the Sleep You’re Missing, the Sex You’re Not Having, and What’s Really Making You Crazy, out this month

Read next: Clinton Takes Road Trip to Iowa for First Campaign Event

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George R.R. Martin Determined to Finish New Game of Thrones Book by 2016

George R.R. Martin at HBO's "Game Of Thrones" Season 5 premiere on March 23, 2015 in San Francisco.
Steve Jennings—Getty Images George R.R. Martin at HBO's "Game Of Thrones" Season 5 premiere on March 23, 2015 in San Francisco.

Author teases twist that fans—and HBO's 'Game of Thrones'—will never see coming

For years, George R.R. Martin hasn’t even been able say he’s going out for a taco without impatient fans crying, “Finish the book, George!”

But with the upcoming fifth season of HBO’s Game of Thrones expected to catch up to many of the storylines in his A Song of Ice and Fire saga, the author has started telling himself: You know what? It’s really time to finish that book…

Having The Winds of Winter published before season 6 of Thrones airs next spring “has been important to me all along,” says the best-selling New Mexico author. “I wish it was out now. Maybe I’m being overly optimistic about how quickly I can finish. But I canceled two convention appearances, I’m turning down a lot more interviews—anything I can do to clear my decks and get this done.”

In one intriguing new wrinkle, Martin says he just came up with a big, revealing twist on a long-time character that he never previously considered. “This is going to drive your readers crazy,” he teases, “but I love it. I’m still weighing whether to go that direction or not. It’s a great twist. It’s easy to do things that are shocking or unexpected, but they have to grow out of characters. They have to grow out of situations. Otherwise, it’s just being shocking for being shocking. But this is something that seems very organic and natural, and I could see how it would happen. And with the various three, four characters involved… it all makes sense. But it’s nothing I’ve ever thought of before. And it’s nothing they can do in the show, because the show has already—on this particular character—made a couple decisions that will preclude it, where in my case I have not made those decisions.”

Martin does have one other previously undisclosed project on his plate, but it’s not one that will take up too much of his time. We can exclusively reveal that the author is developing a new series at HBO called Captain Cosmos. The pitch: “At the dawn of the age of TV in 1949, a visionary young writer creates a science fiction series that tells stories no one else will dare to tell.” The pilot is being written by Michael Cassutt (Z Nation).

Looking back, Martin says his one regret is not plowing ahead intoWinds after finishing 2011’s A Dance with Dragons.

“I was red hot on the book and I put it aside for six months” he says. “Iwas so into it. I was pushing so hard that I was writing very well. I should have just gone on from there, because I was so into it and it was moving so fast then. But I didn’t because I had to switch gears into the editing phase and then the book tour. The iron does cool off, for me especially.”

Asked to predict how Winds might compare creatively to previous entries in the series, Martin says he couldn’t begin to guess. “On Tuesday, I think it’s the greatest thing I’ve ever done,” Martin says. “On Wednesday, I think it’s all garbage and I should throw it all in the fire and start again.”

This article originally appeared on EW.com.

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7 Inspirational Messages From Pope Francis for Easter

Loyola Press

Sarah Begley is a culture and breaking news reporter for TIME.

From the Pope's new book, Walking With Jesus

The most important event in the Catholic liturgy is this weekend, and Pope Francis has a new book coming out as an Easter present to his flock. The book is a collection of various sermons and speeches he has given in the last two years, on topics ranging from wisdom to poverty. Here are seven thought-provoking excerpts from Walking With Jesus: A Way Forward for the Church, out Sunday.

On faith:

In many areas of our lives we trust others who know more than we do. We trust the architect who builds our home, the pharmacist who gives us medicine for healing, the lawyer who defends us in court. We also need someone trustworthy and knowledgeable where God is concerned. Jesus, the Son of God, is the one who makes God known to us.

-From the encyclical Lumen Fidei, June 29, 2013

On knowledge:

[O]ur own knowledge and self-awareness are relational; they are linked to others who have gone before us: in the first place, our parents, who gave us our life and our name. Language itself, the words by which we make sense of our lives and the world around us, comes to us from others, preserved in the living memory of others. Self-knowledge is only possible when we share in a greater memory.”

-From the encyclical Lumen Fidei, June 29, 2013

On consumerism:

When we look only for success, pleasure and possessions and we turn these into idols, we may well have moments of exhilaration, an illusory sense of satisfaction, but ultimately we become enslaved, never satisfied, always looking for more. It is a tragic thing to see a young person who “has everything” but is weary and weak.

-From the Message for the 29th World Youth Day, Jan. 21, 2014

On compassion:

We have to learn to be on the side of the poor and not just indulge in rhetoric about the poor! Let us go out to meet them, look into their eyes, and listen to them. The poor provide us with a concrete opportunity to encounter Christ himself and to touch his suffering flesh.

-From the Message for the 29th World Youth Day, Jan. 21, 2014

On illness:

Jesus in fact taught his disciples to have the same preferential love that he did for the sick and suffering, and he transmitted to them the ability and duty to continue providing, in his name and after his own heart, relief and peace through the special grace of this sacrament [of the anointing of the sick]. This, however, should not make us fall into an obsessive search for miracles or the presumption that one can always and in any situation be healed. Rather, it is the reassurance of Jesus’ closeness to the sick.

-From a general audience, Feb. 26, 2014

On marriage:

It is true that there are so many difficulties in married life, so many, when there is insufficient work or money, when the children have problems—so much to contend with. And many times the husband and wife become a little fractious and argue between themselves. They argue, this is how it is, there is always arguing in marriage, sometimes even the plates fly. Yet we must not become saddened by this; it is the human condition. The secret is that love is stronger than the moment when they are arguing, and therefore I always advise spouses, do not let a day when you have argued end without making peace.

-From a general audience, April 2, 2014

On communication:

[C]ommunication is ultimately a human rather than a technological achievement. What is it, then, that helps us, in the digital environment, to grow in humanity and mutual understanding? We need, for example, to recover a certain sense of deliberateness and calm. This calls for time and the ability to be silent and listen.”

-From the Message for the 48th World Communication Day, Jan. 24, 2014


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George R. R. Martin Released a Chapter of the Next Game of Thrones Book

Spoilers are coming

Game of Thrones author George R. R. Martin is keeping his promise of working diligently on the next book in the series, The Winds of Winter.

Just days after he announced that he will not be writing for season six of the HBO series in favor of completing the book, Martin released a new teaser chapter from The Winds of Winter on his blog. Warning: The chapter, told from Sansa Stark’s point of view, contains multiple spoilers.

It was revealed last month that the HBO show, which returns for season five on April 12, will end before the books .

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