TIME Koch Brothers

Charles Koch Urges Conservatives to Skip ‘Corporate Welfare’

Charles Koch
Bo Rader—Wichita Eagle/MCT via Getty Images Charles Koch, head of Koch Industries, on Feb 27, 2007.

Conservative billionaire Charles Koch told his ultra-rich friends that they face a “life and death” decision whether to keep lobbying for tax breaks and government subsidies.

“Business leaders (must) recognize that their behavior is suicide, that it is suicide long term. To survive, long-term, they have to start opposing, rather than promoting, corporate welfare,” Koch told about 450 allies at an Orange County, Calif., summit that began Saturday.

With the Pacific Ocean behind him and friendly CEOs sipping wine nearby, one of the biggest political donors in the country said it is time for conservatives to start eschewing tax breaks.

“Obviously, this prescription will not be an easy pill for many business people to swallow. Because short term, taking the principled path is going to cost some companies some profits, as it will for Koch Industries,” the 79-year-old Koch said. “But long term, it will allow business people to continue to own and run their businesses, which none of us will be able to do, in my view, in the future otherwise.”

He pointed to big banks that took “virtually free money from the Fed” and bailouts in exchange for regulations. “Now, the chickens are coming home to roost,” Koch said. “The Fed is taking control of these banks. The Fed now decides what businesses they can be in and how they run those businesses.” Koch said “regulators, auditors, controllers” are implanted at the banks to keep tabs. The banks, Koch argued, end up making political donations to avoid too much oversight.

Koch warned that other businesses would be next if their leaders continue taking government subsidies. “This means stopping the subsidies, mandates and special privileges for business that enriches the haves at the expense of the have-nots,” Koch said.

It’s that class distinction that Koch has made the focus of seminars at the luxurious resort. “In my view, we’re heading toward a two-tiered society, a society that is destroying opportunities for the disadvantaged and creating welfare for the rich,” Koch said. “Misguided policies are a creating a permanent underclass, crippling our economy and corrupting the business community—present company excepted, of course. But what this is doing, then, is turning more and more Americans against what they mistakenly believe is free enterprise.”

With his brother David, Koch is among the most powerful players in Republican politics by virtue of their wealth. Forbes estimates he and his brother is each worth $40 billion. They are tied for the No. 4 spot on Forbes’ rankings of the richest Americans.

Koch’s opinions shape opinions among rank-and-file conservatives and congressional leaders alike. In fact, five White House hopefuls planned to cycle through the three-day summit in Dana Point, Calif. At least 14 members of Congress or Governors were on-hand, as well, and former Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels was set to hold a private salon about campus speech later Saturday.

Koch’s stinging words came as the allies who support the Koch-backed network of social and political groups mingled with like-minded leaders. The Koch-backed network plans to spend $889 million ahead of the 2016 elections, although officials are quick to point out that not all of that is explicitly political.

Some of it, advisers say, will be spent pushing against what Koch sees as unjustifiable corporate welfare.

TIME Carly Fiorina

Carly Fiorina: I’ve Been Called Bimbo—and Worse

Carly Fiorina speaks during the Western Conservative Summit at the Colorado Convention Center on June 27, 2015 in Denver, Colorado.
Theo Stroomer—Getty Images Carly Fiorina speaks during the Western Conservative Summit at the Colorado Convention Center on June 27, 2015 in Denver, Colorado.

"I’ve been called the other name that starts with a B."

When it comes to double standards, Carly Fiorina considers herself a triple threat: female leaders are treated differently than men, conservative millionaires and billionaires get tougher treatment than liberal ones and political elites are favored over neophytes.

Not that she minds. The Republican presidential candidate says the fact that she has an uphill climb is part of the rationale for her campaign.

“Sometimes, people are going to call you names. That’s the price of leadership,” Fiorina told 450 deep-pocketed conservative donors to the political machine backed by industrialists Charles and David Koch. “Sometimes, women are sometimes called different names than men.”

Asked which was more sexist—presidential politics or Silicon Valley—the former Hewlett-Packard CEO dodged. “That’s a no-win question,” she chuckled.

“I’ve been called a bimbo at work. I’ve been called the other name that starts with a B,” she said, noting that she is often asked about the ways a female President might approach the White House differently than her predecessors. “Can you think of a single instance in which a man’s judgment might have been clouded by his hormones? Any at all? Ever in the Oval Office?” Fiorina said to applause.

Fiorina said she also sees a double standard in how the ultra-rich are described by journalists. Speaking before those very people, she chided Politico’s Mike Allen for asking if there was too much money in the political space.

“I don’t remember seeing big newspaper articles about George Soros or Tom Steyer. The media doesn’t like one of money but it’s OK with another kind of money,” she said to applause. “Everyone has a right to speech in this country. And as we all know, any kind of speech costs money.”

Fiorina, who unsuccessfully ran for Senate in California in 2010, is running on her outsider credentials. She badly trails her rivals and is at risk of missing the cutoff threshold for Thursday’s primetime debate in Cleveland. She insists it’s too soon to tell if she will get a podium or not. “We don’t know what debate we’re in yet and we don’t know which polls (organizers are using to draw the cutoff,)” Fiorina said. “I have the lowest name ID of anyone running. Over half the nation has never heard my name.”

Compare that with former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, whom she jabbed as a member of the political dynasty that could see its third member elected President. “We have festering problems in Washington, D.C.: a government that has grown bigger, more powerful, more intrusive, more costly, more inept, more corrupt for 40 plus years,” Fiorina said. “Why do you think you are the Bush who can change that?”

TIME Scott Walker

Scott Walker Still Isn’t Sure If President Obama Is Christian

Scott Walker, governor of Wisconsin and Republican U.S. 2016 presidential candidate, speaks during The Family Leadership Summit in Ames, Iowa, U.S., on Saturday, July 18, 2015.
Bloomberg—Bloomberg via Getty Images Scott Walker, governor of Wisconsin and Republican U.S. 2016 presidential candidate, speaks during The Family Leadership Summit in Ames, Iowa, U.S., on Saturday, July 18, 2015.

Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker still isn’t sure President Obama is Christian.

“I don’t know,” the Republican presidential candidate said Saturday during an appearance before 450 donors to the political network backed by conservative billionaires Charles and David Koch. “I presume he is,” Walker continued when asked if he has had time to check since he set off a firestorm in February when he couldn’t answer if the President is Christian.

“You’re not going to get a different answer than I said before,” Walker said toward the end of a Q&A session moderated by Politico’s Mike Allen. Walker said he’s never asked Obama about his faith. “As someone who is a believer myself, I don’t presume to know someone’s beliefs about whether they follow Christ or not unless I’ve actually talked with him.”

Obama is Christian, attends Christian services and has spoken frequently about his Christian faith. During his 2008 campaign, he was held to account for statements made in his Christian church in Chicago. His harshest critics often—wrongly—contend that he a is Muslim.

That’s not enough to settle the matter definitively for Walker. This is as far as he would go: “He said he is, and I take him at his word.”

TIME migrants

Migrants Wait With Hope and Resignation at French Camp Called ‘The Jungle’

Calais Migrants camp
Rob Stothard—Getty Images Sudanese men play cards in a make shift camp near the port of Calais in Calais, France, on Aug. 1, 2015.

“It is not a good life here"

When dawn breaks in Calais, France, Nabeel Edris’ hopes are momentarily dampened. Another night has passed, and the 29-year-old Eritrean has still not managed to reach England. As the sun rises, he begins his 3-hour walk back to the dusty scrubland on the outskirts of Calais, to the makeshift camps known as “the Jungle” to its 3,000 residents. Edris has already ended up staying much longer than he imagined, but he refuses to call it home.

A brother, a son, a student, a citizen—Edris had once been many things to many people. But like everyone else in the Jungle, he now holds only the deracinated, dispossessed status of the migrant. “It is not a good life here, it is not good at all,” he says, picking at a yellowing wound on his shin, the souvenir of an attempt to scale the barbed wire fencing that surrounds the port. Edris left his family behind in the Eritrean capital of Asmara nearly a year ago, fleeing the country’s compulsory life-long military service. Eritrea’s repressive government scores lower on political and press freedom rankings than even North Korea. Edris has crossed the sweltering expanse of the Sahara, made a perilous sea journey across the Mediterranean from Libya to Italy, and arrived in the French port city of Calais in the freezing depths of winter. But more than six months on, his quest is not over.

Edris shares the determination of countless migrants in Calais, who are desperate to escape the squalid conditions of the Jungle. Fueled by the belief that a better life awaits them on the other side of the Channel, they see their situation as temporary. They are drawn to England because they speak the language, have relatives and friends who have settled there or believe the job market will be better than in France.

Others feel differently. Many end up applying for asylum in France, giving themselves a time frame by which they will give up trying to reach England. Some continue to live in the Jungle while they endure the long wait for papers to be processed.

Calais Migrants camp
Rob Stothard—Getty ImagesSudanese men build a wooden structure at a make shift camp near the port of Calais in Calais, France, on July 31, 2015.

As a result, the Jungle is becoming a more permanent fixture in the Calais landscape. It sprung up without approval, but it has evolved into a shanty town of sorts—albeit one that falls far below international humanitarian standards. Though France is the world’s sixth biggest economy, the Jungle on the northern edge of Calais would not pass for a refugee camp in a developing nation. Guidelines from the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees recommend a maximum of 20 people using one toilet, but in the Jungle, 300 migrants share a single toilet. Piles of garbage attract rats and flies, and the air is thick with the stench of sewage and rotting food.

However, locals who volunteer in the Jungle say conditions are slowly improving. In January the French government opened the Jules Ferry refugee center, built on a former children’s summer camp, with space for 120 women and children to sleep. In response to criticism from the U.N. and aid groups, the French government has begun a $550,000 project to improve the basic infrastructure in the camp. In the last month, streetlights have gone up and faucets providing cold water have been installed. Volunteers say that the camp is bigger than ever before, but also better organized.

“The government is more present on the ground here in Calais, and works more with the charities now,” said Carolyn Wiggins, 54, a longtime volunteer with the city’s migrant associations over the 11 years she has lived in Calais. In the last 18 months, she and her husband, Michel, have joined about 20 volunteers as part of the French aid organization SALAM. Five days a week, the couple help to serve 2,000 evening meals at the Jules Ferry center, where they have noticed a significant uptick in the number of people requiring food. They also collect supplies from the local foodbank, including vegetables, fruit and bread, and distribute them at the encampments twice a week.

The medical charity Médecins du Monde has also opened a makeshift hospital in wooden sheds where staff volunteers offer upwards of 40 consultations a day. Its director of operations, Jean-François Corty, told TIME that as well as infections caused by the filthy state of the camp, the staff are seeing more and more broken bones as migrants make even riskier attempts to stow away on Britain-bound vehicles.

Calais Migrants camp
Rob Stothard—Getty ImagesA tent at a make shift camp near the port of Calais in Calais, France, on July 31, 2015.

Of course, not all the wounds are visible. In every tent is a story of personal horror, and the psychological effects of the journeys endured by the refugees are all too evident. Mustafa, 27, was training to be a doctor in Khartoum, Sudan before he fled his country’s political turmoil. He is still traumatized by the image of a 15-year-old Syrian girl who died of diabetic shock during their difficult eight-day voyage across the sea from Egypt to Italy. “The boat owner told her father that it was a 5-star boat with a doctor, and so he paid $50,000 for the family to cross,” he said softly, adding that the smuggler made the family throw the girl’s body off the boat when she died. “I still see her, I see her in front of my eyes.”

The women of the Jungle are haunted too, by their vulnerability in a camp where 90% of residents are men. Corty of Médecins du Monde said there has been a sharp increase in women and children in the camp since last summer, but the Jules Ferry center has been full for a long time. Those not lucky enough to get a bed there must sleep in the Jungle. “I am always scared, always scared to sleep,” said a 22-year-old Eritrean woman who gave her name only as Fiyori.

Yet for the most part, people in the Jungle prefer to exchange jokes rather than stories of woe. Many of the migrants wearily accept that they will be in Calais longer than they would like: Bored of borders, reads a sign outside one tent. In the Jungle, you can now get your hair cut, get your bike fixed and even pray in an improvised mosque or church. Some of the more enterprising residents walk to the supermarkets in the center of Calais, stocking up on baguettes, potato chips and canned goods to hawk for a profit back in the Jungle. There are over a dozen pop-up shops, selling everything from cell phone SIM cards and cigarettes to whiskey, Red Bull and Coca-Cola.

Calais Migrants camp
Rob Stothard—Getty ImagesMen buy from a shop run by Afghanis at a make shift camp near the port of Calais in Calais, France, on July 31, 2015.

There are reports of occasional alcohol-fueled scuffles when frustrations spill over but most people in the camp aren’t looking for more trouble. A Nigerian refugee recently set up a makeshift school where volunteers teach French and drawing and play games with the children. At night, people dance to Michael Jackson songs under a disco ball in a makeshift club.

In the Jungle, life goes on even as most of the residents vow to continue their attempts to reach England. Mahmoud, a 22-year-old Sudanese whose entire family was killed by Janjaweed militia, said he will keep trying to cross until he makes it—or dies trying. Friends and family have arrived in England successfully, escaping the squalor that he has endured for 15 months. He refuses to build a more permanent shelter, sleeping under a black plastic tarpaulin propped up by wooden sticks. Scrawled across the outside in white letters are the words: Ceci n’est pas une solution d’hébergement. This is not a housing solution.

Read more: Inside Calais’s deadly migrant crisis

TIME Television

Game of Thrones Casts Ian McShane in Season 6

The former Deadwood star will have a small but key role

Emmy-winning British actor Ian McShane is joining the cast of Game of Thrones in season 6.

The former Deadwood star’s role is still mysterious. It will be a small role, but it will still be important, Entertainment Weekly reports.

New episodes of Game of Thrones are set to air in the spring. HBO recently said the show would last at least eight seasons, though the showrunners have said they only want to make seven.

Read more at Entertainment Weekly

Read Next: HBO Exec Says Jon Snow Is Dead, Dead, Dead

TIME animals

Watch Adorable Baby Turtles Crawl to the Ocean

Nesting season is from May to October

Beach sand isn’t the easiest place to walk, especially if you’re a baby turtle.

In this video shot by Mike Ross of Naples, Fla., young turtles carefully crawl out of the sand at Barefoot Beach and make their way slowly into the waves of the ocean.

The nesting season for turtles is May through October, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Turtles make between 40,000 and 84,000 nests annually on the Florida coast. Each nest contains between 80 and 120 eggs.

TIME 2016 Election

Beau Biden’s Dying Wish Was for His Dad to Run for President, Report Says

Beau Biden, Joe Biden
Charles Dharapak—AP At the time of the photo, Democratic vice presidential candidate Sen. Joe Biden, embraces his son Beau on stage at the Democratic National Convention in Denver on Aug. 27, 2008.

Joe Biden is reportedly considering running in 2016

Vice President Joe Biden’s late son Beau told his father to run for president before he died, according to a report.

New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd, in her weekend column entitled “Joe Biden in 2016: What Would Beau Do?,” describes, in great detail, a conversation that Beau had with his father before dying, urging his father to run for president rather than letting the office fall to former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Joseph “Beau” Biden III died of brain cancer at the end of May. Dowd’s source for the anecdote is not clear from the column.

Vice President Biden has been holding meetings at his Washington home to discuss the possibility of a run, according to Dowd.

TIME Zimbabwe

Conflicting Reports Over Cecil the Lion’s Brother Jericho

Jericho had been caring for his brother Cecil's cubs

Conflicting reports emerged on Saturday over the status of Cecil the lion’s brother Jericho, just as Zimbabwe suspended the hunting of lions, leopards and elephants in the area outside where Cecil was killed.

The Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force reported Jericho’s death on its Facebook page, telling media outlets that the lion had been killed by hunters. But Reuters subsequently reported that researchers monitoring Jericho with a GPS tag said he was alive.

The Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force did not immediately respond to TIME’s request for comment.

Also on Saturday, the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management authority suspended hunting of big game outside Hwange National Park, according to the Associated Press. Bow and arrow hunts have also been suspended.

“Hunting of lions, leopards and elephants outside of Hwange National Park has been suspended with immediate effect,” Zimbabwe’s wildlife authority said in a statement.

The decision comes after the killing Cecil the lion, a 13-year-old with a black mane beloved by tourists. Cecil’s movements were being tracked by Oxford University’s Wildlife Conservation Unit. Minnesota dentist Walter Palmer is believed to have killed Cecil on July 1 with a bow and arrow after luring him out of the Hwange National Park, according to the AP. Two Zimbabweans who guided Mr. Palmer have already been arrested in connection with the hunt, and Zimbabwean officials are calling for the extradition of Palmer. The punishment for illegal hunting is several thousand dollars and up to 15 years in prison.

On Saturday, Zimbabwe’s wildlife authority also announced that it is investigating another possible illegal killing of a different lion in April.

Read Next: Cecil the Lion’s Killer Contacts Federal Authorities


TIME Appreciation

This 5-Year-Old Girl Saved Her Mother and Baby Brother’s Lives After a Crash

A brave girl takes action

Several weeks after a serious car crash, 5-year-old Lexi Shymanski from British Columbia is being celebrated for saving the lives of her mother and baby brother.

Lexi’s mother, Angela Shymanski, lost control of her car on June 8 after falling asleep at the wheel on the way home from a family vacation near Calgary in Canada with Lexi and now 4-month old Peter. The car fell over a steep, 40-ft. embankment, knocking the mother unconscious, according to Metro News.

The little girl unclipped the five-point harness on her car seat and climbed barefoot up the embankment and flagged down a driver to help.

“It’s crazy,” Shymanski told Metro. “I only can remember one or two times where she got out of her five-point harness previously. She somehow got out, adrenaline or whatever, and barefoot hiked up the embankment.”

The mother suffered a broken back and the baby a serious brain bleed, but they are in recovery. The daughter is credited with saving their lives.

[Metro News]

TIME White House

President Obama Gets an Early Start on Celebrating His Birthday

president barack obama
Aude Guerrucci—picture-alliance/AP United States President Barack Obama makes remarks prior to signing the three month extension of mass transit and highway funding bill in the Oval Office of the White House on July 31, 2015, in Washington, DC.

This is how he's marking his 54th

(WASHINGTON) — President Barack Obama is getting a head start on turning a year older.

Obama turns 54 on Tuesday.

In what has become an annual birthday tradition, the president started celebrating on Saturday by taking a trio of friends from his Hawaii childhood for a golf outing at Andrews Air Force Base.

The group then spends the night at the secluded Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland’s Catoctin Mountains.

The White House said the other members of Obama’s foursome are his longtime friends Mike Ramos, Bobby Titcomb and Greg Orme.

Obama planned to return to the White House on Sunday afternoon.

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