MONEY Health Care

5 Things to Do by Year-End

Want to better protect your health and wealth as we head into the New Year? Try taking these five steps.

1. See a doctor if you’ve met your deductible …

The average deductible has nearly doubled since 2006, reaching $1,135 in 2013, reports the Kaiser Family Foundation.
If you’ve hit yours this year or you’re close, schedule elective procedures ASAP, while your insurer will pick up most of the tab. If not, push off appointments until 2014, when the costs can be applied to your presumably even larger deductible.

“It’s smart to consider what your health needs are,” says Tracy Watts, senior partner at Mercer.

2. … or a dentist if you are below the max

Dental plans typically pay out no more than $1,500 to $2,000 a year, according to the National Association of Dental Plans — a limit you can easily blow through when you’re facing any kind of serious work, like a root canal, crowns, or a full-mouth deep cleaning. So you want to space out appointments to get the most from your coverage.

Do what you can this year to reach your 2013 maximum, then go back in January or February to work on next year’s cap.

3. Don’t give up on tax breaks

Starting in 2013, medical expenses must exceed 10% of your adjusted gross income before you can write them off against your federal taxes, up from 7.5% last year.

Think you won’t qualify? Don’t toss those receipts just yet. Some states have lower thresholds — New Jersey’s is 2%, Alabama’s is 4%, and Massachusetts’ is 7.5%. And for those 65 and older, the federal threshold stays at 7.5% through 2016, notes Brian Haile, senior vice president for health policy at Jackson Hewitt.

4. Grab your wellness rewards at work

At more than a quarter of large firms, employees can earn gift cards, trips, stuff, or a few hundred dollars in cash by participating in wellness programs, such as screenings that measure your weight and cholesterol or questionnaires about your health habits, and those rewards run out at year-end. (A smaller number reward you by adding to a health savings or health reimbursement account.)

Now’s the time to see if you can nab some easy cash, says Watts.

5. Check your FSA

Health flexible spending accounts have been use-it-or-lose-it. Unless your boss gave you until March 15 to spend the money (about half of big firms do, reports WageWorks), you forfeited what was left on Dec. 31.

In October the Treasury Department revised the rules to let you carry over $500, but only if you don’t get the grace period and your company changes the plan in time. Since you can put $2,500 into your FSA, you could have a balance to spend now.

MONEY health insurance

What’s Next for Retiree Health Care

Fewer companies are offering retiree health care benefits. Even if you get benefits from a former boss, you'll see some changes. Photo: Shutterstock

When it comes to getting health coverage from your old boss, the landscape is changing fast, and not just for early retirees.

Companies have been cutting back on retiree health benefits for years. Indeed, the latest survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) found that among large firms with employee health coverage, just 28% offer some form of retiree benefits, down from 66% in 1988. Among smaller firms, help is even scarcer.

Disappearing corporate benefits is one reason the new public exchanges created by Obamacare will be such a boon to early retirees. But even for seniors who still get help from a former boss, change is afoot, no matter your age.

Here’s what to watch for:

Early retirees: If the public exchanges succeed, firms that offer pre-Medicare coverage may give those ex-workers funds to buy a policy on one, says Tricia Neuman, director of KFF’s Program on Medicare Policy. Employers are taking a wait-and-see approach, but that could change fast.

Retirees 65 and up: About a third of Medicare recipients have supplemental coverage from a former employer, says Neuman, and some of them are already seeing changes. Several major companies, recently IBM and Time Warner (MONEY’s parent company), are shifting retirees 65 and older from company-run plans to private exchanges operated by benefit consultants and insurance brokers.

On a private exchange, you’ll be able to pick supplemental Medicare coverage from a host of options, using funds your employer contributes to a tax-free health-reimbursement arrangement, or HRA.

For now, companies making this shift aren’t necessarily cutting back on how much they’re spending on your health care, says Paul Fronstin, a senior research associate at the Employee Benefit Research Institute (though IBM capped its contribution years ago). But how you’ll fare over time will depend on the employer subsidy keeping up with premium hikes, says John Grosso, health care actuary at Aon Hewitt. If not, you’ll pay more.

You or your parents may leap at the chance for more choices, or be overwhelmed by the sign-up process. It’s similar to open enrollment, but with potentially more options.

“Make use of all the tools out there,” says Sandy Ageloff, Southwest health and group benefits leader for Towers Watson, which owns Extend Health, the biggest private exchange. Tools include phone counseling at the exchange; the typical initial call runs about 80 minutes, Ageloff says.

MONEY Health Care

Affordable Alternatives to Cosmetic Surgery

Minor cosmetic treatments are increasingly popular and a cheaper alternative to plastic surgery. Photo: Kevin Van Aelst

You don't have to go under the knife or spend a fortune to improve your appearance. Here's how to cut the price of a pretty face.

Bothered by that crease between your eyebrows? Unhappy with the shade of your teeth? For minor problems you see in the mirror, you have easy alternatives to full-fledged plastic surgery.

While the growth of cosmetic surgeries has stalled, minimally invasive — and less costly — procedures such as Botox injections and laser hair removal climbed 20% over five years, to 13 million in 2012 (1 million of which were performed on men).

To get started, ask your primary-care doctor for a referral to an experienced specialist who is trained in the procedure you want, is prepared for any complications, and can discuss the risks and benefits.

Check out these four popular spruce-up options, along with strategies for beauty on a budget:

Botulinum Toxin Type-A injections

What they do: Remove wrinkles between the eyebrows, on the forehead, and at the corners of the eyes using a paralyzing toxin injected into the face. Botox is the best-known brand. Effects last three to 4½ months, says San Francisco dermatologist Richard Glogau
The cost
: $370 a session, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, compared with $3,370 for a forehead lift. (Prices are national averages.) As is the case with the other fixes, you can’t deduct them on your taxes or pay with a flexible spending account
How to save
: Your doctor may discount your next visit if you schedule it while you’re still in the office; Salt Lake City plastic surgeon Renato Saltz, for example, knocks off 17%
Best drugstore alternative:
Over-the-counter retinol creams can improve the appearance of finer lines for $20 or so, but you won’t be able to replicate the shots’ ability to smooth your deepest wrinkles.

Teeth whitening

What it does: Lightens yellow or stained teeth with the application of a high-strength gel. Results can last about two years without maintenance, says La Jolla, Calif., cosmetic dentist John Weston.
The cost: $300 to $700, based on estimates from several dentists.

How to save: From your dentist, get a take-home kit with a lower-strength gel (price: $150 to $300). Using it for an hour or so a day for about two weeks produces results similar to those of an in-office session, according to Weston.
Best drugstore alternative: Try over-the-counter strips or gels (under $40), which Weston says are plenty effective for some people.

Laser hair removal

What it does: Eliminates hair on the face or body, often for years, by zapping follicles with lasers or light pulses. The process works best on dark, coarse hair and lighter skin, but is ineffective on light blond, white, or gray hair, says Glogau.
Cost: $330 a session, reports the plastic surgeons’ trade group. Coarse hair on legs takes up to five visits, says Glogau; fine hair on the upper lip, three or four.
How to save: Ask if there are multi-session packages available for a lower per-procedure cost.
Best drugstore alternative: Lower-strength, FDA-cleared home devices will do the job but take more time, says New York City dermatologist Bruce Katz. The maker of the $449 Tria Hair Removal Laser 4X, for example, recommends weekly sessions for at least three months.

Dermal filler injections

What they do: Reduce folds and wrinkles — such as the crease between the bottom of the nose and the top of the mouth — using a gelatinous substance injected under the skin. The popular Juvéderm and Restylane brands last six to nine months, says Pittsburgh plastic surgeon Leo McCafferty
: From $430 to over $1,600 per treatment, depending on the filler. Cheek implant surgery, by comparison, runs $2,720
How to save
: Watch doctors’ websites for seasonal promotions; McCafferty, for one, runs specials ranging from $50 to $200 off. Ask the physician which product he or she recommends for your specific need — and see if there’s a longer-lasting one that will require less frequent sessions, advises Katz
Best drugstore alternative
: Moisturizers including peptides and antioxidants can somewhat improve the appearance of small wrinkles, while lip plumpers such as Too Faced ($28) can temporarily add volume.

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