TIME

Deal Salvaged at U.N. Climate Talks in Peru

PERU-COP20-CMP10-KYOTO-PROTOCOL-PULGAR
Country representatives clap at the closure and approval of the proposed compromise document handed out during the marathon UN talks in order to meet the final goal of the UN COP20 and CMP10 climate change conferences in Lima on Dec. 14, 2014. Cris Bouroncle—AFP/Getty Images

(LIMA, Peru) — A compromise deal salvaged by climate negotiators in Lima early Sunday sets the stage for a global pact in Paris next year, but a consensus could not be reached on nations submitting to a rigorous review of their plans for greenhouse gas emissions limits.

In the agreement, reached more than 30 hours after talks were supposed to end, more than 190 countries agreed on what information should go into the pledges that countries submit for the expected Paris pact.

Although the Lima document does not oblige nations to provide that information — or even to set goals, they are feeling increasing domestic and international pressure to act on human-generated climate change blamed for more violent, damaging weather that has put 2014 on track to be the warmest year on record.

“I think there will be a lot of peer pressure for countries to put forward that kind of information,” said Jennifer Morgan of the World Resources Institute. “It is a new world.”

Even China — the world’s No. 1 greenhouse gas polluter and among resisters of transparency on measuring its emissions — is feeling the heat as its citizens endure health-endangering smog from coal-burning power plants.

Delegates argued all day Saturday over the wording for the watered-down deal, with developing nations worried that the text blurred the distinction between what rich and poor countries can be expected to do.

Many developing countries, the most vulnerable to climate change’s impacts, accuse rich nations of shirking their responsibilities to curb climate change and pay for the damage it inflicts.

The final draft of the deal alleviated those concerns with language saying countries have “common but differentiated responsibilities” to deal with global warming.

“As a text it’s not perfect, but it includes the positions of the parties,” said Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, the conference chairman. He spent most of Saturday meeting separately with delegations.

In presenting a new, fourth draft just before midnight, Peru’s environment minister gave a sharply reduced body of delegates an hour to review it. Many delegates had already quit the makeshift conference center on the grounds of Peru’s army headquarters.

The approved agreement also restored language demanded by small island states at risk of being flooded by rising seas, mentioning a “loss and damage” mechanism agreed upon in last year’s talks in Poland that recognizes that nations hardest hit by climate change will require financial and technical help.

“We need a permanent arrangement to help the poorest of the world,” Ian Fry, negotiator for the Pacific Island nation of Tuvalu, said at a midday session.

However, the approved draft weakened language on the content of pledges on emissions limits, saying they “may,” instead of “shall,” include quantifiable information showing how countries intend to meet their emissions targets.

Also, China and other major developing countries opposed plans for a review process that would allow the pledges to be compared against one another before Paris.

In Lima, the momentum from last month’s joint U.S.-China deal on emissions targets faded quickly as rifts reopened over who should do what to fight global warming. The talks’ goal is to shape a global agreement in Paris that puts the world on a path to reduce the heat-trapping gases that scientists say are warming the planet.

The new draft mentioned only that all pledges would be reviewed a month ahead of Paris to assess their combined effect on climate change.

“I think it’s definitely watered down from what we expected,” said Alden Meyer of the Union of Concerned Scientists.

Sam Smith, chief of climate policy for the environmental group WWF, said: “The text went from weak to weaker to weakest and it’s very weak indeed.”

Chief U.S. negotiator Todd Stern acknowledged that negotiations had been contentious but said the outcome was “quite good in the end.”

He had warned Saturday that failing to leave Lima with an accord would be “seen as a serious breakdown” that could put the Paris agreement and the entire U.N. process at risk.

Though negotiating tactics always play a role, virtually all disputes in the U.N. talks reflect a wider issue of how to divide the burden of fixing the planetary warming that scientists say results from human activity, primarily the burning of oil, coal and natural gas.

Historically, Western nations are the biggest emitters. Currently, most CO2 emissions are coming from developing countries led by China and India as they grow their economies and lift millions out of poverty.

During a brief stop in Lima on Thursday, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said fixing the problem is “everyone’s responsibility, because it’s the net amount of carbon that matters, not each country’s share.”

According to the U.N.’s scientific panel on climate change, the world can pump out no more than about 1 trillion tons of carbon to have a likely chance of avoiding dangerous levels of warming — defined in the U.N. talks as exceeding 2 degrees centigrade (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above 19th-century averages.

It already has spent more than half of that carbon budget as emissions continue to rise, driven by growth in China and other emerging economies.

Scientific reports say climate impacts are already happening and include rising sea levels, intensifying heat waves and shifts in weather patterns causing floods in some areas and droughts in others.

The U.N. weather agency said last week that 2014 could become the hottest year on record.

___

Associated Press writers Frank Bajak and Nestor Ikeda contributed to this report.

TIME South Africa

South Africa’s Rolene Strauss Named Miss World 2014

BRITAIN-LIFESTYLE-MISS WORLD
Miss World Rolene Strauss in center during the grand finale of the Miss World 2014 pageant at the Excel London ICC Auditorium in London on Dec. 14, 2014. Leon Neal—AFP/Getty Images

Edina Kulcsar of Hungary was the runner-up

—(LONDON) — South Africa’s Rolene Strauss has been named the winner of the Miss World 2014 competition in a London finale televised in many parts of the world.

Edina Kulcsar of Hungary was the runner-up and Elizabeth Safrit of the United States took third place.

The winners were announced Sunday after a lengthy competition involving contestants from more than 120 countries.

Each had won the right to represent their country in a series of local and regional competitions.

This year’s contest was marred by the murder last month of Miss Honduras and her sister in that country.

The first Miss World contest was held 63 years ago in Britain.

TIME Japan

Exit Polls in Japan Project Big Win for Ruling Party

An election official places an unopened ballot box on a table at a counting centre in Tokyo
An election official places an unopened ballot box on a table at a counting center in Tokyo on Dec. 14, 2014. Thomas Peter—Reuters

Liberal Democratic Party easily retaining its House majority

(TOKYO) — Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s ruling party was headed for a landslide victory in lower house elections Sunday, according to projections released soon after polls closed.

The projections, based on exit polls, showed the ruling Liberal Democratic Party easily retaining its majority in the 475-seat House of Representatives. Exit polls have been reliable predictors of the final results in past Japanese elections.

The Liberal Democrats, a conservative party that has been in power for most of the post-World War II era, appeared to have fallen short of securing a two-thirds majority on their own, but may have done so together with their coalition partner, the Buddhist-backed Komei party.

A landslide victory could improve Abe’s chances of pushing ahead with difficult political and economic reforms, and his long-term goal of revising Japan’s constitution.

Abe, who took office two years ago, called Sunday’s snap election last month, saying he wanted a fresh mandate for his economic revitalization program, known as Abenomics.

Share prices have risen and many companies have reported record profits, but the recovery has faltered in recent months, with the country returning to recession after a sales tax hike chilled demand among consumers and businesses.

“I believe this shows that voters gave the Abe administration a positive evaluation over the past two years,” said Finance Minister Taro Aso, who retained his seat in parliament. “Abenomics is still halfway through, and I feel a strong sense of responsibility to push it further.”

But the vote was seen as less of a verdict on Abe’s policies than an acquiescence to the ruling party’s growing power. Despite weakening popularity ratings, a recession and messy campaign finance scandals, the Liberal Democrats were virtually certain to triumph thanks to voter apathy and a weak opposition.

The popularity of the Democratic Party of Japan, which held power from 2009 to 2012, plunged after it failed to deliver on campaign pledges and struggled in the aftermath of the 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disasters.

“I think Mr. Abe is the only choice we have considering from what I heard and saw in the reports,” retiree Hiroshi Yamada said as he came out of a downtown Tokyo polling station.

Two hours before polls closed, voter turnout was 35 percent, 6.8 percentage points lower than the same time in the previous lower house election in 2012, the Internal Affairs Ministry said.

Many voters were perplexed over Abe’s decision to call an election.

“I think two years is too soon to decide whether his policy failed or not,” said Yoshiko Takahashi, a Tokyo businesswoman.

___

Associated Press writers Mari Yamaguchi, Emily Wang and Kaori Hitomi contributed to this report.

TIME Crime

No Ceremonies in Newtown for Sandy Hook Shooting Anniversary

Theater-Newtown Play
A school bus drives past a sign reading Welcome to Sandy Hook, in Newtown, Conn. on Dec. 4, 2013. Jessica Hill—AP

Town officials say it will be a day of private reflection and remembrance

(NEWTOWN, Conn.) — No public memorial events are planned in Newtown as the community marks the second anniversary of the shooting rampage that left 20 children and six educators dead at Sandy Hook Elementary School.

Town officials say it will be a day of private reflection and remembrance.

First Selectman Pat Llodra and school Superintendent Joseph Erardi said in a public letter that the community’s recovery has been a “challenging journey, filled with days of joyful hope and occasional dips of despair.”

A troubled 20-year-old gunman shot his way into the school on the morning of Dec. 14, 2012. He shot and killed his mother before driving to the school and committed suicide as police arrived on the scene.

TIME Turkey

Journalists, Police Are Detained in Turkish Raids

(ANKARA, Turkey) — Police conducted raids in a dozen Turkish cities Sunday, detaining at least 24 people — including journalists, TV producers and police — known to be close to a movement led by a U.S.-based moderate Islamic cleric who is a strong critic of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

It was the latest crackdown on cleric Fethullah Gulen’s movement, which the government has accused of orchestrating an alleged plot to try to bring it down. The government says the group’s followers were behind corruption allegations that last year that forced four Cabinet ministers to resign.

Gulen, who lives in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania, denies the accusations.

During a speech on Saturday, Erdogan vowed to “bring down the network of treachery and make it pay.”

The state-run Anadolu Agency said a court issued a warrant to arrest 32 people connected to the movement, and that 24 of them were detained in raids in Istanbul and other cities across Turkey on Sunday. They included Ekrem Dumanli, the chief editor of Zaman newspaper, who was taken into custody at his paper’s Istanbul headquarters, which was broadcast live on television.

Those with arrest warrants included Hidayet Karaca, the chief executive of Samanyolu television, as well producers of two of its TV shows. Both Zaman and Samanyolu are affiliated with the movement.

Anadolu said those detained are suspected of “using intimidation and threats” to try to wrest control of state power. The state-run news agency said some of the police officers detained are suspected of fabricating crimes and evidence while investigating an organization close to the al-Qaida terror network back in 2010.

Hundreds of supporters gathered outside Zaman’s headquarters to protest the detention of Dumanli and other suspects, shouting: “Free press cannot be silenced.”

Turkey’s journalism associations also denounced the raids targeting journalists, while Human Rights Watch said the detentions look “like another attempt to crack down on critical media.”

Several police officers believed to be close Gulen’s movement were arrested earlier this year for alleged illegal wiretaps and other charges. The government has said it wants Gulen extradited to Turkey from the United States. Many see his moderate movement as an alternative to the more radical interpretations of Islam.

TIME Senate

Senate Passes Stopgap Bill to Fund Government… Until Wednesday

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid speaks during a Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony for World War II era Civil Air Patrol members, on Capitol Hill on Dec. 10, 2014 in Washington.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid speaks during a Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony for World War II era Civil Air Patrol members, on Capitol Hill on Dec. 10, 2014 in Washington. Drew Angerer—Getty Images

Shutdown averted, for now

Their power ebbing, Senate Democrats launched a last-minute drive Saturday to confirm roughly 20 of President Barack Obama’s nominees, and several Republicans blamed Tea Party-backed Texas Sen. Ted Cruz for creating an opening for the outgoing majority party to exploit.

Lawmakers took a break in their intrigue long enough to send Obama legislation that provides funds for the government to remain open until Wednesday at midnight, easing concerns of a shutdown. A separate, $1.1 trillion long-term funding bill remained in limbo.

Republicans tried to slow the nomination proceedings, but several voiced unhappiness with Cruz, a potential presidential candidate in 2016. One likened his actions to his role in precipitating a 16-day partial government shutdown more than a year ago.

“I’ve seen this movie before, and I wouldn’t pay money to see it again,” Sen. Johnny Isakson, R-Ga., said between seemingly endless roll calls.

Cruz blamed the Democrats’ leader, Sen. Harry Reid of Nevada, saying his “last act as majority leader is to, once again, act as an enabler” for the president by blocking a vote on Obama’s policy that envisions work visas for an estimated 5 million immigrants living in the country illegally.

Cruz said Reid was “going to an embarrassing length to tie up the floor to obstruct debate and a vote on this issue because he knows amnesty is unpopular with the American people, and he doesn’t want the Democrats on the record as supporting it.”

Democrats lost control of the Senate in the November, and Republicans will take over when the new Congress convenes in January.

Lawmakers in both parties said the $1.1 trillion spending measure eventually would pass. It faced opposition from Democratic liberals upset about the repeal of a banking regulation and Republican conservatives unhappy that it failed to challenge Obama’s immigration moves.

Immigration was the issue that Cruz cited late Friday night when he tried to challenge the bill. That led swiftly to the unraveling of an informal bipartisan agreement to give the Senate the weekend off, with a vote on final passage of the bill deferred until early this coming week.

That, in turn led Reid to call an all-day Senate session to be devoted almost exclusively to beginning time-consuming work on confirmation for as many as nine judicial appointees and an unknown number of nominees to administration posts.

Reid blamed a “small group of Senate Republicans” for the turn of events.

The list of nominees included Carolyn Colvin to head the Social Security Administration, Vivek Murthy to become surgeon general, Sarah Saldana as head of Customs and Immigration Enforcement and Antony Blinken to the No. 2 position at the State Department.

Democrats did not provide a complete list, saying it might change. More than a dozen judicial nominations remained on the Senate’s calendar, and dozens of appointees to administration positions.

Several Republicans fumed that Cruz had erred.

Asked if Cruz had created an opening for the Democrats, Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah said, “I wish you hadn’t pointed that out.”

Hatch added, “You should have an end goal in sight if you’re going to do these types of things and I don’t see an end goal other than irritating a lot of people.”

Added Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz.: “I fail to see what conservative ends were achieved.” He also said he was worried about what the events means for next year, when Republicans are in charge.

“The other concern I have here now is the nominations that are going to get through that otherwise wouldn’t,” said Sen. John Hoeven, R-N.D.

Appearing irritated, some Republicans spoke with Cruz on the Senate floor about his actions. At another point, Cruz huddled in the rear of the chamber with Sen. Mike Lee of Utah, who had supported him on Friday evening, and Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky, another tea party-backed lawmaker.

The GOP leader, Kentucky Sen. Mitch McConnell, made no public comment on the events, even though Cruz suggested Friday night McConnell and House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, should not be entirely trusted to keep their pledge to challenge Obama’s immigration policy when Republicans gain two-house control of Congress in January.

“We will learn soon enough if those statements are genuine and sincere,” Cruz said.

The $1.1 trillion spending bill provides funds for nearly the entire government through the Sept. 30 end of the current budget year.

The sole exception is the Department of Homeland Security, which is funded only until Feb. 27. Republicans intend to try then to force the president to roll back his immigration policy that removes the threat of deportation from millions of immigrants living in the United States illegally.

The events quickly overshadowed developments in the House earlier in the week, when Democratic divisions were on display over the spending bill.

House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California opposed the bill, and publicly chastised Obama for giving it his support.

TIME Japan

Japan Likely to Return Abe to Power in Sunday’s Elections

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe attends a news conference at his official residence in Tokyo
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe attends a news conference at his official residence in Tokyo on Nov. 18, 2014. Toru Hanai—Reuters

Japanese PM seeks a landslide victory to allow him to pursue economic and political reforms

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is counting on a landslide victory in parliamentary elections Sunday that will likely return his ruling coalition to power with an even bigger majority, empowering him to pursue an ambitious agenda of political and economic reforms.

“This is the only way!” is the slogan Abe is driving home in his campaign speeches. For Japanese voters, that is probably the case.

The economy is back in recession, the government’s popularity ratings have slid and messy campaign finance scandals have roiled Abe’s Cabinet. Normally, that would be bad news for the incumbent. Yet Abe is virtually the only game in town thanks to Japan’s tendency toward a one-party political system, voter apathy and a lack of viable alternatives.

Campaigning wrapped up Saturday evening, with Abe, fist raised in the air, making a final appeal for support in Tokyo’s gaudy Akihabara electronics district.

“If we create a country where everyone is given a chance, Japan will grow much bigger,” Abe said, accusing the opposition Democratic Party of being too pessimistic over the country’s declining population, which is one factor behind Japan’s slowing economy. “We are finished if we give up!”

Surveys showed many voters planned to stay away from polling stations. Fed up with or indifferent to the choices on offer, a large share support no party in particular, so Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party may win by default.

“The problem of this election is there is actually no choice for voters,” said Yu Uchiyama, a professor of political science at Tokyo University. “Many people will choose Abe as a kind of negative choice. There are no alternatives.”

The main opposition Democratic Party of Japan was in power from 2009 to 2012, but lost voters’ confidence amid perceptions of ineptitude and after failing to deliver on campaign pledges and struggling to guide the country after the 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disasters.

The DPJ is fielding candidates in only about one-fifth of the 295 single seat districts. Polls show it taking fewer than 100 seats in Sunday’s elections, including its winners in 180 proportional representation districts.

“The DPJ government was seen as so unsuccessful in so many ways that it is no longer viewed as the true, viable alternative to the LDP,” said Ethan Scheiner, a political science professor at the University of California, Davis.

Many voters have swung back to the Liberal Democratic Party, a conservative party (despite its name) that guided Japan through its high-growth years in the 1960s and ’70s and has ruled the country for all but about four years since 1955.

Some structural factors also favor Abe’s party.

Most Japanese live in cities, but the LDP still dominates in the countryside, where votes in lower house elections hold up to 2.43 times the value of those in some urban districts – a situation deemed unconstitutional in Supreme Court rulings yet to be enforced. And the Liberal Democrats have a strong ally in their coalition partner, the Buddhist-backed Komei Party, whose loyal members can be counted on to vote for ruling coalition candidates.

“The way the system is structured, it is very difficult for an opposition party to defeat the LDP,” said Scheiner.

Efforts to form new alliances with other opposition parties have made little headway, and the remaining splinter parties will likely win only a handful of seats each, with the Japan Communist Party, a traditional protest vote, picking up a share of swing ballots.

“It’s an inherent problem in Japanese politics,” said Uchiyama. “The parties are so fragmented.”

The Liberal Democrats are poised to win big Sunday. They had 295 seats in the lower house when Abe dissolved the parliament, or Diet, on Nov. 20. They could win up to 320 seats out of 475 up for grabs, says Takao Toshikawa, editor in chief of Insideline and Tokyo bureau chief of the Oriental Economist. That would give them the two-thirds majority needed to amend the constitution – one of Abe’s pet projects – even without the backing of the Komei Party.

Some voters are puzzled over why Abe is holding an election at all.

“Why are they dissolving the parliament? It makes no sense to me,” said Toshio Yazawa, an 84-year-old as he sunned himself recently in a park north of Tokyo.

Abe has portrayed the election as a referendum on his “Abenomics” policies for reviving the economy through massive monetary easing and strong public spending, both intended to spur inflation. He also has proposed a slew of reforms to enhance Japan’s waning competitiveness.

The recovery that began as Abe took office in late 2012 took hold in early 2013 as the yen weakened and share prices soared. But incomes for most workers are flat or falling, and a sales tax hike in April chilled demand after a rush of spending early in the year, nudging Japan back into recession and prompting Abe to postpone a second sales tax increase originally planned for next year.

He then called the snap election, saying he wanted a renewed public mandate, a maneuver most analysts say is aimed at ensuring he can stay in office at least for another four years. That could give him enough time to move toward some of his more nationalistic goals, including revising Japan’s constitution.

Abe was prime minister in 2006-2007, when he quit due to health problems after just a year in office. The 2012 election that returned him to power netted a record low voter turnout of 59.3 percent, and Sunday’s vote is forecast to be even lower.

Michael Cucek, a fellow at Temple University in Tokyo, anticipates a “terrible, terrible election” for the opposition Democratic Party. But that may prompt some more serious thinking about the lack of a viable political opposition in Japan, which he says is unhealthy.

So in that regard, “I am hopeful about this election,” he said.

TIME Crime

Police Brutality Protestors to March in Washington D.C.

Erica Garner daughter of Eric Garner leads a march of people protesting the Grand Jury's decision not to indict a police officer involved in the chokehold death of Eric Garner in July, on Dec. 11, 2014.
Erica Garner daughter of Eric Garner leads a march of people protesting the Grand Jury's decision not to indict a police officer involved in the chokehold death of Eric Garner in July, on Dec. 11, 2014. Andrew Burton—Getty Images

Families of Eric Garner and Michael Brown expected to join demonstrations in the nation's capital

Protesters plan to converge on the nation’s capital on Saturday to help bring attention to the deaths of unarmed black men at the hands of police.

Civil rights organizations plan to hold a national march in Washington with the families of Michael Brown and Eric Garner, two unarmed black men who died in incidents with white police officers, to help bring attention to the issue of police brutality.

Protests — some violent — have occurred around the nation since grand juries last month declined to indict the officers involved in the deaths of 18-year-old Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and Garner, 43, who gasped “I can’t breathe” while being arrested for allegedly selling loose, untaxed cigarettes in New York. Politicians and others talked about the need for better police training, body cameras and changes in the grand jury process to restore faith in the legal system.

Saturday’s march against police violence — sponsored in part by the National Action Network, the Urban League, the NAACP — is scheduled to go down Pennsylvania Avenue between the White House and the Capitol.

While protesters rally in Washington, other groups including Ferguson Action will be conducting similar “Day of Resistance” movements all around the country, including a large march in New York City.

TIME Crime

Portland Police Arrest Suspect in School Shooting

Student reunites with family member outside the Rosemary Anderson High School in Portland, Oregon
A student is reunited with a family member outside the Rosemary Anderson High School in Portland on Dec. 12, 2014. Steve Dipaola—Reuters

A 16-year-old girl was critically wounded while two males were hospitalized after Friday afternoon's shooting

Police in Portland have arrested a suspect in the shooting that injured three people outside an alternative high school.

Authorities said they stopped a vehicle around 1:30 a.m. Saturday at North Interstate Avenue and Going Street and arrested a 22-year-old man. A handgun was found in the vehicle.

Police were searching an apartment about half an hour later as part of the investigation. The apartment is about five blocks east of the shooting near Rosemary Anderson High School.

Detectives are investigating and will release the suspect’s name and charges after he is booked into the Multnomah County Jail.

Witnesses told police there may have been a dispute outside the high school on Friday, just before the shooting occurred at a street corner.

The assailant and two other people fled, and the wounded students went to the school for help, a police spokesman said. A 16-year-old girl was critically wounded while two males were hospitalized in fair condition. Another girl was grazed by a bullet.

“Based on the investigation thus far, the shooting appears to be gang-related,” Sgt. Pete Simpson said Friday night in a statement.

Police gang investigators “feel comfortable saying this is a gang-related shooting based on some of the people involved,” Simpson added in an interview. Police said they believe the shooter has gang ties. Simpson declined to say which victims might be linked to gangs.

The spokesman said police were still gathering details on the reported dispute.

“There was some kind of dispute between the shooter and some people,” Simpson said. “We don’t know if it was (with) all the victims or one of the victims.”

The victims are students at the high school or in affiliated job training programs, police said.

Police identified the hospitalized victims as Taylor Michelle Zimmers, 16, who was in critical condition; David Jackson-Liday, 20; and Labraye Franklin, 17.

Olyvia Batson, also 17, was treated at the scene after a bullet grazed her foot.

Sierra Smith, a 17-year-old student, told The Oregonian she saw one of the male victims being helped by a teacher inside the school.

“He was laying on the ground. He had blood coming out of his stomach,” she said. “It was scary.”

Another student, Oliviann Danley, 16, told the newspaper she saw a boy run into the school and yell, “Oh my God, did I just get shot?”

Rosemary Anderson High School serves at-risk students who were expelled or dropped out, or who are homeless or single parents. According to the school’s website, 190 students annually are enrolled at the north Portland location. The school also has a second location in Gresham.

Gang violence in Portland isn’t a new phenomenon. Some of the violence occurs between rival gangs, but bystanders have also been hurt.

“We’ve made a lot of progress in addressing the gang problem, but we haven’t eradicated it,” Mayor Charlie Hales said. “Today’s really a sad reminder that it’s still with us.”

Portland police have said they saw a spike in gang crime over the summer and have complained they don’t have adequate resources to address the problem. Recent violence includes a man killed in a drive-by-shooting in June and another man killed in a separate shooting. A 5-year-old boy also was shot in the leg while playing at an apartment complex.

A Multnomah County report on gang activity released in June said crime in the county that includes Portland actually decreased from 2005 to 2012. As inner-city Portland gentrifies, the report said, criminal activity is shifting from northern neighborhoods to areas farther east, including the city of Gresham.

The north Portland neighborhood where the shooting occurred exemplifies the trend. Before Friday, the place once known for gangs had not had a shooting with injuries in nearly four years.

“It brings up a lot of old wounds,” Simpson said.

Dani Gonzales, 64, has lived in the neighborhood for 25 years and said it’s generally safe but there has always been some gang activity.

“Kids just get silly and get crazy ideas. I don’t know what goes on in their heads,” Gonzales said.

There was another school shooting in the Portland area in June, but it was not gang-related. A freshman killed another boy in a locker room, and a bullet grazed a teacher before the shooter went into a bathroom and died from a self-inflicted gunshot, police said.

TIME

Adrian Peterson’s Appeal Denied, Suspension Upheld

Adrian Peterson Hearing
NFL running back Adrian Peterson of the Minnesota Vikings addresses the media after pleading "no contest" to a lesser misdemeanor charge of reckless assault on Nov. 4, 2014 in Conroe, Texas. Bob Levey—Getty Images

(MINNEAPOLIS) — An arbiter appointed by the NFL to hear Adrian Peterson’s appeal has ruled that the Minnesota Vikings running back will remain suspended until at least next spring.

The decision by Harold Henderson, a former league official, was announced on Friday. His ruling upheld the NFL’s decision last month to suspend Peterson without pay for the remainder of the season and not consider him for reinstatement until April 15.

The NFL Players Association balked at the punishment. Peterson was charged with felony child abuse in September for using a wooden switch to discipline his son, but he pleaded no contest to misdemeanor reckless assault in November. He had been on paid leave while his case moved through the court system.

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