image: A giant Buddha's face in a coal yard, Ningxia province.
All photos in this series were taken between 2010 and 2012. A giant Buddha's face in a coal yard, Ningxia province.Zhang Kechun / MoST
image: A giant Buddha's face in a coal yard, Ningxia province.
image: A man pumping water from the river, Ningxia province.
image: Fishermen wading in the river, Shaanxi province.
image: A building immersed in the river, Gansu province.
image: Landscape painting on a wall, Gansu province.
image: Young people gathered around a fire by the river, Gansu province.
image: Overturned cement truck, Qinghai province.
image: Locals hold a portrait of Mao as they swim across the river, Henan province.
image: A man doing his morning exercises under the bridge, Ningxia province.
image: View of the Yellow River from a window in a construction site.
image: Sculpture of small white deer in front of a cooling tower, Inner Mongolia.
image: A slag heap, Inner Mongolia.
image: A family having fun under the bridge , Shandong province.
image: A worker in a construction site of the riverbank, Ningxia province.
image: A rockery in the bed of a dried up river, Shandong province.
image: People playing in the riverbed, Shandong province.
image: Workers climbing a billboard, Qingha province.
image: People living in an iron pipe, Shaanxi province.
image: Wetlands burning, Shaanxi province.
All photos in this series were taken between 2010 and 2012. A giant Buddha's face in a coal yard, Ningxia province.
Zhang Kechun / MoST
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Root of the Nation: Zhang Kechun Photographs China's Yellow River

Nov 13, 2012

As a boy, he read about the mythic river. As a man, he went to find its source. Chengdu-based photographer Zhang Kechun has spent much of the last two years on the banks the Yellow River, the waterway considered both the cradle of Chinese civilization and, when it breaks its banks, its curse. "I wanted to photograph the river respectfully," said Zhang. "It represents the root of the nation."

Zhang's project has the feel of a pilgrimage. He travels on a fold-up bicycle, following the river's silted water from the coastal flats of Shandong, west, to the mountains of Qinghai. He journeys for a month at a time, lugging a large format Linhof camera, a tripod and just enough film. Sometimes, he says, he went a week without taking a picture. "I wanted to take my time," he said, "to slow down and experience every second of the moment."

His patient labor paid off. The work is intimate and expansive, capturing quiet moments under vast, gray skies. People swim. Buildings rise. Life plays out against a dateless haze. "I choose cloudy, gloomy days to photograph and I overexpose my photos," Zhang explained. This, he said, "adds a soft and gentle touch," giving each frame an otherworldly feel. This ethereal stillness quiets the quotidian realities of the river: movement, pollution, noise.

Zhang says he did not set out to document environmental destruction — others have done that. But China's headlong rush to develop has scarred the country's land, air and water, and the mighty Yellow River is no exception. "I started off wanting to photograph my ideal of the river, but I kept running into pollution," he said. "I realized that I couldn't run away from it, and that I didn't need to run away from it."

Though the lunar tones and low horizons feel foreboding, Zhang insists the project carries a message of hope. There is a reason all the people in his pictures look tiny: "The power of humans is nothing compared to the power of nature, even when we try to change it." Century upon century, the river runs.

Zhang Kechun is a Chengdu-based photographer with the MoST agency.

Emily Rauhala is an Associate Editor at TIME. Additional reporting and translation from Regina Wang.

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