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Thousands gather at the Dr. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts to pay their respects for those lost in the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
Thousands gather at the Dr. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts to pay their respects for those lost in the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.  Samuel Corum—Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Orlando Is Not Newtown Is Not Charleston Is Not San Bernardino

Jun 14, 2016
Ideas
Kirsten Salyer is a writer and the former Deputy Editor of TIME Ideas

Correction appended, June 15

The formula may seem the same: An armed assailant shoots into a crowd. The news spreads, detail by detail. Law enforcement begins an investigation. Public officials tweet their prayers. The shooter is named. We speculate on motive. We assign blame. We debate gun control. We debate mental health care. We debate national security. We define, and redefine, “terrorism” and "hate crime." The President makes a speech. We mourn.

And we remember the last time we felt this way. The last betrayal of our sense of safety in America. The last time we drew upon our emotional outrage to make political arguments. The last time we sent our thoughts and prayers to the families of the victims. It was never that long ago, the last time.

In the aftermath, it’s easy to feel like we’re repeating an endless loop of senseless tragedy. But it’s a mistake.

The deadliest mass shooting in American history should not feel routine.

During President Obama’s time in office, he has made at least 16 addresses in response to shootings. On Sunday, he spoke in response to the shooting at the Pulse nightclub in Orlando that killed 49 victims:

First of all, our hearts go out to the families of those who have been killed. Our prayers go to those who have been wounded. This is a devastating attack on all Americans. It is one that is particularly painful for the people of Orlando, but I think we all recognize that this could have happened anywhere in this country.

It's hard not to make comparisons, to categorize. ISIS claimed responsibility for the Orlando shooting; the San Bernardino shooters were supporters of the terrorist group. The Orlando shooter used a semi-automatic rifle similar to the AR-15 one the Newtown shooter wielded . The Orlando shooter specifically targeted the LGBT community at a known gay club; the Charleston shooter specifically targeted African Americans at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church.

For law enforcement, it makes sense to connect dots and learn lessons. For politicians, it makes sense to draw conclusions and inspire policy.

But for all of us, as human beings witnessing such carnage?

Observing so many tragedies could give us what psychologists call "compassion fatigue." As Joan Cook wrote for TIME following the shooting in San Bernardino last year: “Tuning in to these horrific atrocities so often, we have begun to tune out.”

When we zoom out and over-analyze, we risk numbing ourselves to the reality of each new, nuanced tragedy. When we lump these shootings together in our minds, solving the problem of mass shootings in America begins to feel like an impossible task. Then, worse, an ignorable one.

We must remember that each mass shooting is its own tragedy, with its own circumstances and its own victims.

Police officers direct family members away from a shooting at Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Police officers direct family members away from a shooting at Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.Phelan M. Ebenhack—AP
Police officers direct family members away from a shooting at Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Police and forensics investigators work at the crime scene of the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Friends and family members embrace outside the Orlando Police Headquarters during the investigation of a shooting at the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
Police investigate the Pulse nightclub following a mass shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Tatiana Osorio cries while giving blood at the OneBlood blood center near the mass shooting at a nightclub in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016. Osorio lost three friends in the shooting.
A memorial honors the victims of the Pulse nightclub shooting at the Dr. Phillips Center for Performing Arts in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
A woman reacts as authorities investigate Pulse following a mass shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
A reporter pauses at the Hampton Inn where relatives of victims gather for information in Orlando, Fla., on June, 12, 2016.
A remembrance for Eric Rivera, killed in the mass shooting at the Pulse nightclub, sits amongst a makeshift memorial for the victims in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
Mourners attend a makeshift vigil for victims of the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
Hundreds of people gather at a memorial outside of the Dr. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
A memorial honors victims of the Pulse nightclub shooting at the Dr. Phillips Center for Performing Arts in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
A mourner attends a makeshift vigil and a moment of silence for victims of the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Reporters wait to interview relatives of victims of the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 13, 2016.
Seddique Mateen, father of Pulse nightclub gunman Omar Mateen, outside his home in Port Saint Lucie, Fla., on June 14, 2016.
U.S. President Barack Obama (R) and Vice President Joe Biden depart a makeshift memorial after placing flowers in memory of shooting victims of the massacre at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, U.S., June 16, 2016. REUTERS/Carlos Barria -TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Mourners attend a makeshift vigil and a moment of silence for victims of the mass shooting in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Police officers direct family members away from a shooting at Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Fla., on June 12, 2016.
Phelan M. Ebenhack—AP
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The senseless deaths of 12 moviegoers in a theater in Colorado. The senseless deaths of 26 children and adults in an elementary school in Connecticut. The senseless deaths of nine churchgoers in a black church in South Carolina. The senseless deaths of 14 state employees in a health center in California. The senseless deaths of 49 patrons in a gay nightclub in Florida. The senseless deaths of many more to come.

The only thing that truly unites mass shootings is that each one should be too much to bear.

Correction: The original version of this story incorrectly described the gun used in the Orlando shooting. It was a Sig Sauer MCX, a semiautomatic assault style rifle that is similar in appearance and capabilities to the better-known AR-15.


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