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Downton AbbeyPart Eight - Sunday, February 21, 2016 at 9pm ET on MASTERPIECE on PBS Two romances get complicated. Molesley and Spratt try out new jobs. Thomas takes a fateful step. Mrs. Patmore provokes a scandal. Isobel puts her foot down. Shown from left to right: Laura Carmichael as Lady Edith and Harry Hadden-Paton as Bertie Pelham(C) Nick Briggs/Carnival Film & Television Limited 2015 for MASTERPIECE This image may be used only in the direct promotion of MASTERPIECE CLASSIC. No other rights are granted. All rights are reserved. Editorial use only. USE ON THIRD PARTY SITES SUCH AS FACEBOOK AND TWITTER IS NOT ALLOWED.
Laura Carmichael as Lady Edith and Harry Hadden-Paton as Bertie Pelham on 'Downton Abbey' Nick Briggs—Carnival Films/PBS

The Scary Truth About Air Travel in the Downton Abbey Era

Feb 22, 2016

The news on this Sunday's episode of Downton Abbey that Bertie Pelham planned to travel to Tangier by air rather than ship was met with shock by the Crawley family—and with good reason. Though the number of airplane passengers in Europe had nearly doubled between 1923 and 1924, flying at all in the mid-1920s was a bold move.

Stunt and military pilots had been taking to the skies for years, but commercial air travel was still relatively untested. It was unsafe, even though fatalities were rare; it was also often inconvenient and far more uncomfortable than what modern fliers might think of when they hear the words vintage aviation.

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The situation was so bad that in 1925—the year the U.S. awarded a company the first contract to deliver mail by air—Henry Ford said that "the commercial airplane is as yet a considerable distance of being a success," perhaps because the motor's "vibration is so intense that there is little guaranty [sic] under such strain that it will remain intact over considerable distances."

Yes, you read that right: the concern was whether the engines would just completely fall apart. Whether the passengers made it to their destination safely, Ford guessed, was 90% a matter of the pilot being exceptionally skilled (not that he didn't have a vested interest in promoting travel by auto).

A Boeing Model C awaits flight in Boeing's Lake Union boathouse in Seattle.
A Boeing Model C awaits flight in Boeing's Lake Union boathouse in Seattle. 1917.© 2015 The Boeing Company, from Higher: 100 Years of Boeing published by Chronicle Books LLC
A Boeing Model C awaits flight in Boeing's Lake Union boathouse in Seattle.
Boeing Factory Workers Sewing a MB-3A Wing
Passengers pose in front of the Model 80, built by Boeing Air Transport.
Boeing Model 247D in Flight over New York City
Overview of B-17 Flying Fortress Manufacturing
P-51D Mustang in Flight
Dash 80 707 Prototype Rollout
First 737-100 in Factory
A Boeing Model C awaits flight in Boeing's Lake Union boathouse in Seattle. 1917.
© 2015 The Boeing Company, from Higher: 100 Years of Boeing
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Britain's Imperial Airways did not conduct flights at night until 1926, and planes generally took longer (especially considering frequent stops to refuel) and were more uncomfortable than trains. Planes flew low, which meant more turbulence, and into the 1920s passengers had to wear helmets and goggles. One early route from Toulouse, France, to Casablanca, via Tangier and several other cities, took 12 hours.

But, as Ford had predicted back in 1925, the business potential was great enough that in a couple of years things could change. Sure enough, they did. It wouldn't be long before TIME commented that "[men] of affairs whose time literally is money and the semisocial people who consider air travel modern and fashionable [became] airline customers."

Today, a nonstop flight from Toulouse to Casablanca takes about two and a half hours.

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