Eero Saarinen
Architect Eero Saarinen with the model of the new proposed US Embassy in London, June 5, 1956.  Ron Case—Getty Images

How Eero Saarinen Became One of America’s Best-Known Architects

Aug 20, 2015

It would have been difficult for Eero Saarinen to escape the pull of architecture. Born on this day, Aug. 20, in 1910, to Finland’s top architect — Eliel Saarinen — Eero grew up surrounded by blueprints and building models. His father’s studio doubled as the family’s immense living room, where Eero and his sister, Pipsan, mingled with the ever-present draftsmen and designers.

“Such a beehive of cultural activity was calculated either to smother or force the children,” TIME noted. “In the case of Eero and Pipsan, it forced. By the time Eero was five, his talent for drawing had shown itself. Sitting under his father's drafting tables, he busily turned out his own versions of door details and houses.”

Of course, Eero didn’t remain in the shadow of his father’s drafting tables; he flourished in his own right. That he made a name for himself — apart from the family name — is evident in TIME’s 1956 cover story, which proclaimed, “…of the whole U.S. cast of modern architects, none has a better proportioned combination of imagination, versatility and good sense than Eero Saarinen.”

But as Eero told TIME, he owed a good part of his success to his father, who was both his role model and longtime collaborator. While the elder Saarinen was alive, according to the New York Times (in a 1953 profile written by the art critic whom Eero would later marry), “Eero neither rebelled nor rejected: he remained architecturally, as well as filially, deferential.”

“I often contributed technical solutions and plans,” Eero is quoted as saying, “but only within the concept he created.”

Still, the Saarinens were innately competitive — and had a knack for winning contests. At age 12, per TIME, Eero placed first in a matchstick design contest sponsored by a Swedish newspaper, winning 30 Swedish kronor — or about $8. The same week, his father was a runner-up in an international contest to design the Chicago Tribune Tower, and won $20,000.

The tables eventually turned in Eero’s favor, however, creating at least one awkward scene at the Saarinen house. Both father and son — separately — entered the 1948 competition to build a monument for the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis. Per TIME:

The elder Saarinen submitted a formal monumental design; Eero's entry was an audacious, 590-ft. stainless-steel arch that looked like a giant, glistening croquet wicket—which he had conceived while bending a wire and wool pipe cleaner. A telegram announced Eliel the winner. The family broke out the traditional champagne to celebrate.

Only days later was the secretary's mistake uncovered: the $40,000 first prize was properly Eero's.

Read more about Eero Saarinen from 1956, here in the TIME archives: The Maturing Modern

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Architect Eero Saarinen at home in his study w. furniture designed by him, 1958.
VIEW GALLERY | 10 PHOTOS
Caption from LIFE: Saarinen's study is equipped with three varieties of Saarinen furniture: a blue "womb" chair, a plywood chair (next to the bookcase) and a white pedestal chair. In the left foreground is a newly designed aluminum base for a lower pedestal chair and on the wall in the rear are trial sketches for more chairs.Frank Scherscehl—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
Architect Eero Saarinen at home in his study w. furniture designed by him, 1958.
Womb Chair by Eero Saarinen, 1953
Saarinen House in Detroit, 1958.
Fountain in front of new Law Library designed by Eerro Saarinen, 1961.
The TWA terminal, designed by Eero Saarinen, 1961.
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Arch designed by Eero Saarinen, 1965.
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Arch designed by Eero Saarinen, 1965.
Walled-in glass bank designed by Eero Saarinen, 1967.
Interior of North Christian Church designed by Eero Saarinen, 1967.
Crowds out side of the North Christian Church designed by Eero Saarinen, 1967.
Caption from LIFE: Saarinen's study is equipped with three varieties of Saarinen furniture: a blue "womb" chair, a plywood chair (next to the bookcase) and a white pedestal chair.
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Frank Scherscehl—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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