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A gleefully mischievous Bob Hope, 1941.Peter Stackpole—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
Donald the dog-loving duck plays with his friend, Trigger, a Chesapeake Bay Retriever, 1949.
Mrs. Leland S. McCleery watches her Michigan Wolverines lose to the Wisconsin Badgers, 1959.
An intensely concerned Dr. Ernest Ceriani holds a bandage on the eye of a young girl whose head he has just stitched up after she was kicked by a horse, Colorado, 1948.
A fearful 15-year-old German Luftwaffe anti-aircraft crew member weeps after being taken prisoner by American forces during the drive into Germany in 1945.
A serene Marilyn Monroe on the patio outside of her Los Angeles home, 1953.
Child star Margaret O'Brien makes a classic face, 1945.
Rene Carpenter, the wife of NASA astronaut Scott Carpenter, watches his orbital flight on TV in 1962.
Yorkshire hogs appear to smirk as they share the shade on a hot summer day in 1951.
A kitten emerges, undaunted, from a pot of milk, 1940.
A less-than-happy Amer4ican taxpayer at an IRA information center in New York City, 1944
Dazed U.S. Army Corporal Roy Day Jr., photographed after surviving a massacre by North Korean troops of 26 of his American fellow-prisoners. Day played dead after all of the prisoners were shot and left on a hillside in Korean, 1950.
Two boys hold their breath, amazed, on their first elevator ride, 1948.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur roars orders from the bridge of the flagship USS Mount McKinley during an assault on the Inchon beachheads during the Korean War, 1950.
Winston Churchill, inscrutable during an election campaign, 1951.
A tough sergeant bawls orders from the corner of his mouth, 1952.
A mother nurses her child, Israel, 1960.
Shirley MacLaine and her daughter Sachi Parker playfully pout, 1959.
Pediatrician Dr. Ralph Shugart confers with a worried mother of a baby that has been crying for hours, 1963. He decided to give them both a sedative.
Sophia Loren, 1961
A woman laughs uproariously as she undergoes a "head-tapping session," part of a sensory awareness class in an encounter group at the Esalen Institute in 1970.
A jubilant Ronald Reagan celebrates victory during California's gubernatorial primary, 1966.
Comedian Ed Wynn looks horrified at the idea of killing worms in the Broadway show, Hooray for What!
A North Korean soldier contemptuously sticks out his tongue at LIFE photographer Joe Scherschel on the second day of cease-fire talks during the Korean War, 1951.
A gleefully mischievous Bob Hope, 1941.
Peter Stackpole—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
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In Praise of Emoticons . . . But, You Know, Living Ones

Sep 17, 2012

Most everyone who has ever sent or received more than, say, eight emails over the past several decades is probably familiar with emoticons. Or rather, most of us are familiar with one particular emoticon, whether we find it cute, creative or mere digital clutter. That's right. We're talking about that sideways smiley face — comprised of a colon, a dash and a close parenthesis, like this, : - ) — that millions upon millions of people have inserted into billions upon billions of emails ever since a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon named Scott Fahlman included it (and a sad face) in a post to a university discussion board.

At 11:44 a.m. on September 19, 1982, Fahlman sent the following note to students and colleagues:

19-Sep-82 11:44

From: Scott E Fahlman

I propose the following character sequence for joke markers:

: - )

Read it sideways. Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use

: - (

The idea of using punctuation and other typographical devices to form "pictures" had been around long before Fahlam sent his now-famous (among geeks, at least) missive to the discussion board. In fact, an often-cited article in Reader's Digest in 1967 uses almost, but not exactly, the same symbols to form another image on the printed page: the writer notes that his "Aunt Ev" used an emoticon of her tongue inserted firmly in her cheek, like this —), as she shared gossip from back home in a chatty letter.

But hardly anyone disputes that the sideways smiley face and the sideways frown that we've all come to know and love (or loathe) found their first serious online champion in Fahlman. He was the one to codify, in a sense, that these two most elemental human emotions — happiness and sorrow — could be conveyed electronically in a few very basic keystrokes.

Let's be clear: Fahlman did not (despite what some have claimed) "invent the emoticon." He, can, however, lay claim to being the first person to publicly propose the use of the two digital facial representations that, without a doubt, have been sent and seen by more human beings than any other emoticons in history.

Awe-struck Milwaukee baseball fan seized w. utter delight as he watches the Braves make a home run in the World Series as he mingles w. other at a TV party.And yet . . . as the number of emoticons used every single second of every day in emails sent around the office and around the globe continues to grow, even the most ardent fan of the little critters would probably admit that, as clever as many of these constructs might be, when it comes to finding a vehicle that can adequately convey the mind-bending panoply of our species' (and, occasionally, our non-human friends') emotions, there's really no substitute for the real thing.

Here, LIFE.com applauds the humble, ubiquitous emoticon — while celebrating the wildly expressive, versatile-beyond-measure human face.

Photo of Milwaukee Braves fan, 1957: Francis Miller—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

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