"There has never been a shortage of bereaved mothers in the sprawling, violent Caracas barrio known as Catia," writes correspondent Tim Padgett in last week's issue of TIME International. Caracas, he notes, usually suffers some 50 homicides a week, making it one of the world's deadliest capitals. As many as a third of them occur in Catia, where gunmen even use hillside garbage chutes to more efficiently dispose of corpses. Few of the killers are ever prosecuted.
The black-and-white photographs of Oscar B. Castillo, a Caracas-based photojournalist, accompany Padgett's bleak dispatch. Documenting the violence of the barrio put Castillo at immense risk—from both gang members and the police.
"I felt safer when I was with the gangs than when I hung around the city by myself," he told TIME. Although never far from the shadow of gratuitous violence, Castillo acknowledges that codes of respect and solidarity run deeply through the community.
"The people took care of me and protected me in risky situations," he said. "When I told one of the guys involved in gang violence about the story, he told me to talk about their bad situation...to tell the kids that inside gang life, there's no life at all."
Castillo began photographing the street gangs of Caracas almost three years ago. Since then, he's endeavored to use his photography as a way to explain to outsiders the complex layers of life in Catia.
"I would like to share a more complete and sincere vision of this moment in Venezuelan history. I am focused on this because it is my hometown, my country, my family—it is my people that are wounding and killing each other."
Oscar B. Castillo is a member of the Fractures Photo Collective. View more of his work on FracturesPhoto.com.