Microsoft PRO 3 Surface Tablet Launch
Microsoft Pro 3 Surface Tablet at Skylight Clarkson Sq on May 20, 2014 in New York City.  Steve Sands—Getty Images

Here's the Good News in Microsoft's Spotty Earnings Report

Jan 27, 2015

A glimmer of good news was buried in Microsoft's otherwise glum earnings report Monday: Sales of its mobile devices are on the rise.

Microsoft's Surface tablets, initially a commercial flop, are now raking in $1 billion a quarter, with sales up 24% year-over-year. Lumia smartphone shipments surged by 28%, hitting a record-breaking 10.5 million units.

Does that mean Microsoft is poised to take the mobile device market by storm? Let's not get ahead of ourselves. Microsoft's Windows Phone devices still make up only about 3% of the mobile phone market, nothing to text home about. Meanwhile, those Surface sales sound impressive on their own, but not so much when they're stacked up against the $9 billion the iPad made last quarter — and that's a weak showing for the Apple tablet.

Microsoft's biggest challenge in mobile devices — phones in particular — is a lack of compatible apps. Developers look at Windows Phone's low adoption rates and decide against writing apps for the system, then users avoid it because of the lack of apps — which in turn means lower adoption and, again, even less developer interest. Windows phones have 560,000 apps and counting, roughly half as many available to Apple and Android users. Want to download the official Starbucks app, for instance? Don't get a Windows Phone.

Ultimately, consumers care less about their mobile hardware than what they can do with it. "It may sound trivial," says Merv Adrian, vice president of research at Gartner, "but in the consumer space it is trivial things that make all of the difference."

The 15 Most Bizarre Moments From the Consumer Electronics Show

A brand ambassador tests Samsung's Gear VR headset at the Samsung Galaxy booth at the International CES on Jan. 6, 2015, in Las Vegas.
A brand ambassador tests Samsung's Gear VR headset at the Samsung Galaxy booth on Jan. 6, 2015.Jae C. Hong—AP
A brand ambassador tests Samsung's Gear VR headset at the Samsung Galaxy booth at the International CES on Jan. 6, 2015, in Las Vegas.
Frank Lee, Brand Marketing for LG Electronics MobileComm USA, demonstrates the enhanced selfie feature on the new LG G Flex 2 mobile phone on press day for the 2015 International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) at the Mandalay Bay Convention Center in Las Vegas on Jan. 5, 2015.
Attendees lay on Serta mattresses at the Serta stand on Jan. 6, 2015 at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Joe Clayton, CEO of Dish, arrives on stage banging a bass drum followed by company mascots during the Dish news conference at the International Consumer Electronics show (CES) in Las Vegas on Jan. 5, 2015.
A transparent TRW model car is seen during the 2015 International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas on Jan. 6, 2015.
At the 'Unveiled-event' a young woman has a look at salad at the CES electronics and consumer technology tradeshow in Las Vegas on Jan. 4, 2015.
The drone'Nano' from 'Zano' on Jan. 8, 2015.
Attendees interact with wity screens that run on Intel's Realsense technology on Jan. 6, 2015.
An attendee wears Altspace Virtual Reality head ware on Jan. 6, 2014.
Sony Electronics President and COO Mike Fasulo displays the Sony 4K Action Cam at a press event on Jan. 5, 2015.
Consumer Electronics Association President and CEO Gary Shapiro exits a Mercedes-Benz F 015 autonomous driving automobile after it was unveiled at a Mercedes-Benz press event on Jan. 5, 2015.
A display shows Panasonic's virtual make-up mirror at a Panasonic news conference on Jan. 5 , 2015.
Selfie sticks of the company 'Noosy' displayed on Jan. 8, 2015.
World freediving champion Stig Severinsen holds his breathe underwater for a total of 5 minutes, 35 secs to demonstrate the functionality and accuracy of the Masimo SET pulse oximetry device on Jan. 8, 2015.
Workers install an advertisement for a new S'UHD TV from Samsung Electronics on the side of the Las Vegas Convention Center on Jan. 4, 2015.
A brand ambassador tests Samsung's Gear VR headset at the Samsung Galaxy booth on Jan. 6, 2015.
Jae C. Hong—AP
1 of 15

Microsoft hopes to break this vicious cycle with the release of Windows 10, which CEO Satya Nadella says is "most attractive Windows platform for developers ever." The secret sauce? A unified code that will make it easier for developers to create nearly identical apps for PCs, tablets and phones, which should help increase the pool of available apps and drive up consumer interest.

"You don’t write the same code for a six-inch screen as you do for a giant monitor," says Gartner's Adrian, "but much of what goes on underneath that level about how [developers] work with the hardware, that stuff is the same." That means a developer targeting Windows PC users could be one metaphorical turn of the screw away from creating an app for people using Microsoft's mobile hardware, too.

Whether Microsoft is successful depends on how developers respond to its upcoming Windows 10 operating system, due out later this year. That could be a long and arduous process, says Adrian: "The good news is that the refresh cycle for the tech is pretty short. People don’t wait for five years to buy a new phone." As long as Microsoft's Surface tablets and Lumia phones keep a toehold in the market, then, they could have a shot at success under a more unified Windows platform in the months ahead.

TIME may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.