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Shirley Temple walks down stairs at the Bel Air Country Club at her 11th birthday party, 1939.
Shirley Temple walks down stairs at the Bel Air Country Club at her 11th birthday party, 1939.Peter Stockpole—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
Shirley Temple walks down stairs at the Bel Air Country Club at her 11th birthday party, 1939.
Shirley Temple arrives at the 20th Century Fox studio to celebrate her eighth birthday, 1936.
Shirley Temple celebrates her eighth birthday, 1936.
Shirley Temple celebrates her eighth birthday, 1936.
Shirley Temple celebrates her eighth birthday, 1936.
Shirley Temple, 1936.
Shirley Temple taking pictures of famous sites in Washington, DC, from the window of a car, 1938.
Shirley Temple at the Lincoln Memorial, 1938.
Federal Bureau of Investigation director J. Edgar Hoover shows Shirley Temple how to ride a mechanical horse, 1938.
Shirley Temple leaving the White House, 1938.
Shirley Temple walking on steps of the U.S. Capitol.
Shirley Temple, 1936.
Shirley Temple with Sgt. John Agar, to whom she was married from 1945-1950.
Shirley Temple walks down stairs at the Bel Air Country Club at her 11th birthday party, 1939.
Peter Stockpole—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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Shirley Temple: Child Star, Political Player, Cultural Icon

Updated: Feb 09, 2015 3:59 PM ET | Originally published: Feb 11, 2014

Shirley Temple Black -- known to millions as simply Shirley Temple, who acted in scores of movies and was arguably the greatest child movie star of all time -- died one year ago today in her Woodside, Calif., home at the age of 85.

The dimpled California native was a constant presence on the silver screen during the Great Depression, lighting up movies like Stand Up and Cheer! and Bright Eyes with her singing, dancing and her sharp (but never cloying) wit. She retired from the movies when she was just 21, in 1950, and later made her name as a national and even an international political figure. She held a number of diplomatic posts during her lifetime, including U.S. ambassador to Czechoslovakia during that country's convulsive years in the late 1980s.

After her death last year, Temple Black's family paid tribute to her in a statement that read, in part, "We salute her for a life of remarkable achievements as an actor, as a diplomat, and most importantly as our beloved mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, and adored wife for fifty-five years of the late and much missed Charles Alden Black."

Liz Ronk, who edited this gallery, is the Photo Editor for LIFE.com. Follow her on Twitter at @LizabethRonk.

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