Pope Francis announced his new picks for Cardinals on Sunday, and the lineup continues to diversify the top leadership in the Catholic Church.
Francis selected 20 new Cardinals from 18 countries — not one is from the U.S., and only one is from the Vatican bureaucracy. These Cardinals, Francis said in his Sunday Angelus in St. Peter's Square, show that the Church of Rome and the particular churches across the world are connected by "indissoluble links."
Selecting Cardinals is one of the most important choices a Pope makes. Cardinals are the Catholic Church's senior leaders, lead the largest dioceses, and are the church's highest-ranking advisers. Most importantly, Cardinals under the age of 80 vote to select the Pope. Pope Paul VI set the limit of Cardinal electors at 120, and Francis' new picks will push that number to 125.
Francis, once again, showed that he wants this top church leadership to reflect the changing global Catholic population and priorities. Seven of the new cardinals come from Europe, five from Latin America, three from Asia, three from Africa and two from Oceania. Three countries — Burma, Cabo Verde and Tonga — will each have a Cardinal for the first time. The only English speaker in the group is Archbishop John Dew from New Zealand, and the only Vatican official in the group is the Moroccan-born Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, who leads the Vatican's Supreme Court. The last time the U.S. did not receive a Cardinal for two years in a row was nearly four decades ago.
Sunday's move is another play in Francis' efforts to reform the Roman Curia, and not just geographically. In mid-February, he will call all the Cardinals to the Vatican for a two-day meeting "to reflect on the orientations and proposals for the reform of the Roman Curia."
The 15 new Cardinals under the age of 80 and eligible to vote for the next Pope are:
- Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
- Archbishop Manuel José Macario do Nascimento Clemente, Patriarch of Lisbon (Portugal)
- Archbishop Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel, C.M., of Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
- Archbishop John Atcherley Dew of Wellington (New Zealand)
- Archbishop Edoardo Menichelli of Ancona-Osimo (Italy)
- Archbishop Pierre Nguyen Van Nhon of Hanoi (Vietnam)
- Archbishop Alberto Suárez Inda of Morelia (Mexico)
- Archbishop Charles Maung Bo, S.D.B., of Rangoon (Burma)
- Archbishop Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij of Bangkok (Thailand)
- Archbishop Francesco Montenegro of Agrigento (Italy)
- Archbishop Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet, S.D.B., of Montevideo (Uruguay)
- Archbishop Ricardo Blázquez Pérez of Valladolid (Spain)
- Bishop José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán, O.A.R., of David (Panama)
- Bishop Arlindo Gomes Furtado of Santiago de Cabo Verde (Archipelago of Cape Verde)
- Bishop Soane Patita Paini Mafi of Tonga (Island of Tonga)
The five additional honorary Cardinals — Archbishops and bishops emeriti, who are over the age of 80 and therefore unable to vote in papal elections — are:
- José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez, Archbishop Emeritus of Manizales (Colombia)
- Archbishop Luigi de Magistris, Major Pro-Penitentiary Emeritus
- Archbishop Karl-Josef Rauber, Apostolic Nuncio
- Luis Héctor Villaba, Archbishop Emeritus of Tucumán (Argentina)
- Júlio Duarte Langa, Bishop Emeritus of Xai-Xai (Mozambique)
The new Cardinals will be elevated formally at the Vatican on Feb. 14. Pope Francis will then have appointed a total of 31 cardinals.