TIME Congress

America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places

Frank Lloyd Wright's Spring House in Tallahassee, Fla. Alan C. Spector

Since its inception 27 years ago, the National Trust for Historic Preservation's annual list of America's 11 Most Endangered Places has saved more than 250 places.

This year’s list of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places spans locations from New Jersey to Hawaii and includes everything from a medical care home for veterans to a Frank Lloyd Wright creation.

The list, released annually by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, features an array of places of cultural or architectural importance that are deteriorating or are at risk of destruction. Since its inception 27 years ago, the list and the awareness it generates have helped to save more than 250 endangered places.

But this year, the list has made an addition that’s not a place – the Federal Historic Tax Credit, which has been placed on ‘watch status.’ Some members of Congress are calling for the elimination of the Federal Historic Tax Credit as part of recent tax reform efforts, estimating that the provision could increase federal revenues by $10.5 billion between 2014 and 2023. The National Trust reports that the tax credit has created more than 2.4 million local jobs, leveraged nearly $109 billion in private investment for communities, and preserved more than 39,600 buildings, since it was signed into law in 1986.

Here are the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s selections for 2014.

 

1. Battle Mountain Sanitarium –Hot Springs, S.D.

Battle Mountain Sanitarium VA Medical Center Campus, Hot Springs, SD, Buddenborg 6.110104_mr
Buddenborg

For over a century, the sanitarium offered medical care to the region’s veterans. It has been claimed as one of the few National Historic Landmarks owned by the Department of Veterans Affairs, but they are currently moving forward with plans to abandon the building.

 

 

2. Bay Harbor’s East Island – Miami-Dade County, Fla.

BayHarborIsland-1_crMiami-DadeCountyOfficeofHistoricPreservation_mr
Dade County Office of Historic Preservation

Development proposals have put a collection of buildings constructed in the unique Modern Miami Architectural style at risk for demolition.

 

 

3. Chattanooga State Office Building – Chattanooga, Tenn.

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Chattanooga State Office

A change in ownership put this Chattanooga downtown landmark under the threat of demolition.

 

 

4. Frank Lloyd Wright’s Spring House – Tallahassee, Fla.

FLW_SpringHouse_86a_crAlanC.Spector_mr
Alan C. Spector

Constructed in 1954, the Spring House is the only built private Frank Lloyd residence in Florida and one of the few of the architect’s houses that remain. However, weather and time have led to severe deterioration.

 

 

5. Historic Wintersburg – Huntington Beach, Calif.

HistoricWintersburg_rear of 1910 Mission and 1910 manse_crChrisJepsen_OrangeCountyArchives_mr
Chris Jepsen, Orange County Archives

This property that part of the story of Japanese American immigrants in Southern California and is currently threatened with demolition.

 

 

6. Mokuaikaua Church – Kailua Village, Kona, Hawaii

MokuaikauaChurch_3469589800_0208e7d390_SteveConger_mr
Steve Conger

Earthquake damage and the ravages of time have deteriorated Hawaii’s first Christian Church, built in 1837.

 

 

7. Music Hall – Cincinnati, Ohio

CincinnatiMusicHall_SpringerAuditorium_crCincinnatiSymphonyOrchestra_mr
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra

Since its construction in 1878, the Music Hall has played a key role in Cincinnati culture. Despite its National Historic Landmark status, the music hall has suffered significant deterioration and is in need of repair.

 

 

8. The Palisades – Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Palisades_3021510249_crPaulWRomaine_mr
Paul W. Romaine

Despite the designation of the cliffs along the Hudson River as a National Historic Landmark, the LG Corporation plans to build an office tower in the scenic landscape.

 

 

9. Palladium Building – St. Louis, Mo.

ThePalladium_6516788587_c400d44c65_crMichael Allen_mr
Michael Allen

The Palladium Building was once home of a 1940s nightclub that contributed to the development of African American music. However, lack of protection from local and national historic designations has left the building’s future uncertain.

 

 

10. Shockoe Bottom – Richmond, Va.

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TV News Badge

The potential development of a minor league baseball stadium threatens the home of Solomon Northrup’s jail in 12 Years a Slave. Shockoe Bottom was a center of the American slave trade and still holds many underground artifacts.

 

 

11. Union Terminal – Cincinnati, Ohio

UnionTerminal_1_crCincinnatiMuseumCenter_mr
Cincinnati Museum Center

The Cincinnati icon, built in the Art Deco style, is currently in need of extensive repairs to salvage it from its deteriorated state.

 

 

 

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